Stanislav Kopriva

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Using Arabidopsis, we analyzed the effect of omission of a nitrogen source and of the addition of different nitrogen-containing compounds on the extractable activity and the enzyme and mRNA accumulation of adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate reductase (APR). During 72 h without a nitrogen source, the APR activity decreased to 70% and 50% of controls in leaves and(More)
Sulfur is required for growth of all organisms and is present in a wide variety of metabolites having distinctive biological functions. Sulfur is cycled in ecosystems in nature where conversion of sulfate to organic sulfur compounds is primarily dependent on sulfate uptake and reduction pathways in photosynthetic organisms and microorganisms. In vascular(More)
The effect of externally applied L-cysteine and glutathione (GSH) on ATP sulphurylase and adenosine 5'-phosphosulphate reductase (APR), two key enzymes of assimilatory sulphate reduction, was examined in Arabidopsis thaliana root cultures. Addition of increasing L-cysteine to the nutrient solution increased internal cysteine, gamma-glutamylcysteine and GSH(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Sulfate assimilation is a pathway used by prokaryotes, fungi and photosynthetic organisms to convert inorganic sulfate to sulfide, which is further incorporated into carbon skeletons of amino acids to form cysteine or homocysteine. The pathway is highly regulated in a demand-driven manner; however, this regulation is not necessarily(More)
The availability of nitrogen varies greatly in the ocean and limits primary productivity over large areas. Diatoms, a group of phytoplankton that are responsible for about 20% of global carbon fixation, respond rapidly to influxes of nitrate and are highly successful in upwelling regions. Although recent diatom genome projects have highlighted clues to the(More)
Plant take up the essential nutrient sulfur as sulfate from the soil, reduce it, and assimilate into bioorganic compounds, with cysteine being the first product. Both sulfate uptake and assimilation are highly regulated by the demand for the reduced sulfur, by availability of nutrients, and by environmental conditions. In the last decade, great progress has(More)
Adenosine 5'-phosphosulphate reductase (APR) is considered to be a key enzyme of sulphate assimilation in higher plants. We analysed the diurnal fluctuations of total APR activity and protein accumulation together with the mRNA levels of three APR isoforms of Arabidopsis thaliana. The APR activity reached maximum values 4 h after light onset in both shoots(More)
Sulphate assimilation is an essential pathway being a source of reduced sulphur for various cellular processes and for the synthesis of glutathione, a major factor in plant stress defence. Many reports have shown that sulphate assimilation is well co-ordinated with the assimilation of nitrate and carbon. It has long been known that, during nitrate(More)
It was generally accepted that plants, algae, and phototrophic bacteria use adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (APS) for assimilatory sulfate reduction, whereas bacteria and fungi use phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS). The corresponding enzymes, APS and PAPS reductase, share 25-30% identical amino acids. Phylogenetic analysis of APS and PAPS reductase(More)
Adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (APS) sulfotransferase and APS reductase have been described as key enzymes of assimilatory sulfate reduction of plants catalyzing the reduction of APS to bound and free sulfite, respectively. APS sulfotransferase was purified to homogeneity from Lemna minor and compared with APS reductase previously obtained by functional(More)