Stanislav I. Alekseev

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Millimeter wave reflection from the human skin was studied in the frequency range of 37-74 GHz in steps of 1 GHz. The forearm and palm data were used to model the skin with thin and thick stratum corneum (SC), respectively. To fit the reflection data, a homogeneous unilayer and three multilayer skin models were tested. Skin permittivity in the mm-wave(More)
The effect of sulfhydryl reagents on macroscopic inactivation of A-current in internally perfused Lymnaea neurons under voltage-clamp conditions was investigated. It was found that the binding of Hg2+ rather than PHMB with channel proteins resulted in a strong decrease of the peak current and the inactivation rate. Hg2+ markedly influenced the steady-state(More)
To identify the mechanisms of biological effects of mm waves it is important to develop accurate methods for evaluating absorption and penetration depth of mm waves in the epidermis and dermis. The main characteristics of mm wave skin dosimetry were calculated using a homogeneous unilayer model and two multilayer models of skin. These characteristics(More)
Heating rates of human skin exposed locally to 42.25 GHz mm waves, coming from a waveguide (WG) opening or a YAV device designed for therapeutic application, were studied in vivo using infrared (IR) thermography. For both radiators, the power density distribution was described by a circularly symmetrical Gaussian type function on the exposed skin surface.(More)
The gating mechanism of A-channels of Lymnaea neurons and the effect of tetraethylammonium (TEA) on these channels were studied using macroscopic recording techniques. Along with the fast-inactivating A-current (I af) described earlier we found a slow-inactivating A-current (I as) in some neurons of the visceral ganglion. Both currents have revealed similar(More)
Recently we showed that the Pennes bioheat transfer equation was not adequate to quantify mm wave heating of the skin at high blood flow rates. To do so, it is necessary to incorporate an "effective" thermal conductivity to obtain a hybrid bioheat equation (HBHE). The main aim of this study was to determine the relationship between non-specific tissue blood(More)
The effects of millimeter waves (mm-waves, 75 GHz) and temperature elevation on the firing rate of the BP-4 pacemaker neuron of the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis were studied by using microelectrode techniques. The open end to a rectangular waveguide covered with a thin Teflon film served as a radiator. Specific absorption rates (SARs), measured in(More)
Based on a hypothesis of neural system involvement in the initial absorption and further processing of the millimeter electromagnetic waves (MW) signal, we reproduced, quantitatively assessed and compared the analgesic effect of a single MW treatment, exposing areas of skin possessing different innervation densities. The cold water tail flick test (cTFT)(More)
The effects of short-chain alcohols (methanol, ethanol and n-propanol) on the fast-inactivating, A-type, potassium current of Lymnaea neurons were examined using macroscopic recording techniques. Alcohols produced a blockade of the current and modified its inactivation mechanism. The extracellular concentrations of methanol, ethanol and n-propanol causing(More)
The present study was undertaken to investigate whether millimeter waves (MMWs) at 61.22 GHz can modulate the effect of cyclophosphamide (CPA), an anti-cancer drug, on the immune functions of mice. During the exposure each mouse's nose was placed in front of the center of the antenna aperture (1.5 x 1.5 cm) of MMW generator. The device produced 61.22 +/-(More)