Stanislav A. Vasilyev

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UNLABELLED Abstract Purpose: Human hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) are thought to be a major target of radiation-induced leukemogenesis and also provide a relevant cellular model for assessing cancer risk. Cluster of designation 133+ (CD133+) is a marker found in human progenitor and hematopoietic stem cells. Our study examined the repair of(More)
Early stages of human embryonic development are characterized by the spatiotemporal coincidence of events of total epigenetic genome reprogramming and elevated level of mosaic forms of numerical chromosome abnormalities. It is possible that the abnormal reprogramming of various regions of the genome can lead to violations of local epigenetic chromatin(More)
PURPOSE Double-strand breaks (DSB) repair and apoptosis are assumed to be key factors in the determination of individual variability in response to radiation treatment. In this study we investigated tumor protein p53 (TP53) binding protein 1 (53BP1) and phosphorylated histone 2A family member X (γH2AX) foci, γH2AX pan-staining and late apoptosis/necrosis(More)
A great amount of copy number variations (CNVs) are identified in the human genome. Most of them are neutral; nevertheless, the role of CNVs in the pathogenesis of hereditary diseases is still significant. Especially, this is important for neuropsychiatric disorders, such as intellectual disability and autism. When analyzing the CNV-associated diseases, the(More)
The genotoxic effects of exposure to ionizing radiation during the early stages of human embryonic development can be fatal. Despite this, the radiosensitivity of human embryonic and differentiated extraembryonic cells is poorly studied. In this work, the efficiency of a DNA double-strand break repair in human extraembryonic fibroblasts was investigated. It(More)
LINE-1 retrotransposon is the most common mobile genetic element in the genomes of various mammals, including humans. Its genes are represented by the greatest number of copies. For a long time, it has been considered that the presence of LINE-1 in genome reflects the limited ability of cells to eliminate it, and the retrotransposon activity is negative(More)
AIM To assess the frequency and spectrum of chromosome aberrations and micronuclei in peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with parotid salivary gland tumors and relapse of breast cancer during the course of neutron therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Samples of peripheral blood were obtained from 9 patients with parotid salivary gland tumors (T3N0-3M0)(More)
Risks related to occupational exposure of humans to ionizing radiation remains a focus of attention. Of special importance is the poorly understood effect of ionizing radiation on the rate of numerical chromosome aberrations in human somatic cells. The purpose of this study was characterization of a radiation-induced increase in the rate of aneuploidy(More)
Aneuploidy is among the most serious impairments of hereditary material in somatic and germline cells of living organisms. Chromosome loss or the appearance of an extra homolog in the chromosome set can result in either cell death or the development of various neoplasms with high probability of malignancy. It was traditionally believed that ionizing(More)