Stanislas Bruley des Varannes

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BACKGROUND The presence of Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites (LN) has been demonstrated in the enteric nervous system (ENS) of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. The aims of the present research were to use routine colonoscopy biopsies (1) to analyze, in depth, enteric pathology throughout the colonic submucosal plexus (SMP), and (2) to correlate the(More)
Emerging evidences suggest that the enteric nervous system (ENS) is affected by the degenerative process in Parkinson's disease (PD). In addition lesions in the ENS could be associated with gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunctions, in particular constipation, observed in PD. However, the precise alterations of the ENS and especially the changes in the(More)
BACKGROUND The treatment of gastroparesis remains unsatisfactory despite prokinetic and anti-emetic drugs. Gastric electrical stimulation has been proposed as a therapeutic option. We have assessed the effect of gastric electrical stimulation on symptoms, medical treatment, body weight and gastric emptying in patients with intractable symptomatic(More)
Parkinson's disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer's disease. It has been classically considered that the pathological hallmarks of Parkinson's disease, namely Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites, affect primarily the substantia nigra. Nevertheless, it has become increasingly evident in recent years that Parkinson's disease is(More)
Lewy pathology affects the gastrointestinal tract in Parkinson's disease (PD) and data from recent genetic studies suggest a link between PD and gut inflammation. We therefore undertook the present survey to investigate whether gastrointestinal inflammation occurs in PD patients. Nineteen PD patients and 14 age-matched healthy controls were included. For(More)
Lewy pathology in Parkinson disease (PD) extends well beyond the CNS, also affecting peripheral autonomic neuronal circuits, especially the enteric nervous system (ENS). The ENS is an integrative neuronal network also referred to as "the brain in the gut" because of its similarities to the CNS. We have recently shown that the ENS can be readily analyzed(More)
The major functions of the stomach are under the control of the enteric nervous system (ENS), but the neuronal circuits involved in this control are largely unknown in humans. Enteric neurones can be characterized by their neuromediator or marker content, i.e. by neurochemical coding. The purpose of this study was to characterize the presence and(More)
Better characterization of enteric neuropathies during the course of gastrointestinal diseases could be of great diagnostic and/or therapeutic interest. However, studies using whole mounts of the enteric nervous system (ENS) are restricted to specific diseases requiring surgery and are also limited by the small number of specimens available. Therefore, we(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal pain is the predominant symptom in irritable bowel syndrome patients. Phloroglucinol and its methylated derivative are antispasmodic agents acting on smooth muscle. AIM To evaluate the efficacy of phloroglucinol/trimethylphloroglucinol on pain intensity during an acute exacerbation of pain of irritable bowel syndrome over a 1-week(More)
Oesophageal pH-impedance monitoring allows detection of acid and non-acid gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) events. Visual analysis of impedance recording requires expertise. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of an automated analysis for GOR assessment. Seventy-three patients with suspected GORD underwent 24-h oesophageal pH-impedance monitoring.(More)