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BACKGROUND AND AIM Immunomodulating nutrition is supposed to reduce the number of complications and lengthen of hospital stay during the postoperative period in patients after major gastrointestinal surgery. The aim of the study was to assess the clinical effect of immunostimulatory enteral and parenteral nutrition in patients undergoing resection for(More)
BACKGROUND & AIM The immunomodulating nutrition was supposed to reduce the incidence of complications in surgical patients, but many authors have questioned its value recently. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of enteral immunonutrition in postoperative period. METHODS Between January 2003 and December 2009, 305 malnourished patients (123 F,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Intestinal failure (IF) is not included in the list of PubMed Mesh terms, as failure is the term describing a state of non functioning of other organs, and as such is not well recognized. No scientific society has yet devised a formal definition and classification of IF. The European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism guideline(More)
BACKGROUND & AIM The immunomodulating enteral diets are intended to reduce the incidence of postoperative complications in surgical patients. The aim of the study was to assess the clinical effect of such nutrition. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between June 2004 and September 2007 196 well-nourished patients undergoing resection for pancreatic and gastric cancer(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Malnourished surgical patients are supposed to benefit from perioperative nutrition. It is unclear, however, whether enteral intervention really surpasses the parenteral one, and whether the modification of standard formula matters. The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical value of the route and type of perioperative nutritional(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Postoperative pancreatic fistula is the most common and potentially life-threatening complication after pancreatic surgery. Although nutritional support is a key component of conservative therapy in such cases, there have been no well-designed clinical trials substantiating the superiority of either total parenteral nutrition or enteral(More)
Rectal carcinoma in 50% to 60% of cases is localized in the rectum and, if diagnosed early can be locally excised. The authors evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of the preoperative endorectal ultrasonography (ERUS) in the staging of rectal tumors and the usefulness of the method to assess patients' suitability for local excision. In the retrospective(More)
AIM To analyzed whether laparoscopy-assisted percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) could be a valuable option for patients with complicated anatomy. METHODS A retrospective analysis of twelve patients (seven females, five males; six children, six young adults; mean age 19.2 years) with cerebral palsy, spastic quadriparesis, severe kyphoscoliosis and(More)
Intravenous lipid emulsions are an essential component of parenteral nutrition regimens. Originally employed as an efficient non-glucose energy source to reduce the adverse effects of high glucose intake and provide essential fatty acids, lipid emulsions have assumed a larger therapeutic role due to research demonstrating the effects of omega-3 and omega-6(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide a consensus-based minimum set of criteria for the diagnosis of malnutrition to be applied independent of clinical setting and aetiology, and to unify international terminology. METHOD The European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) appointed a group of clinical scientists to perform a modified Delphi process,(More)