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According to the amyloid cascade hypothesis, cerebral deposition of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) is critical for Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Aβ generation is initiated when β-secretase (BACE1) cleaves the amyloid precursor protein. For more than a decade, BACE1 has been a prime target for designing drugs to prevent or treat AD. However, development of(More)
A transdermal patch has been developed for the cholinesterase inhibitor rivastigmine. This study investigated the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of rivastigmine and NAP226-90, and compared drug exposure between patch and capsule administrations. This was an open-label, parallel-group study in Alzheimer's disease patients randomized to receive either(More)
INTRODUCTION This study evaluates the activity of SDZ ENA 713, a centrally-selective acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, in the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and its relationship to central and peripheral pharmacokinetic parameters. METHODS Eighteen AD patients were enrolled in this open-label, multiple-dose(More)
The current approach to antimigraine therapy comprises potent serotonin 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonists collectively termed triptans. Sumatriptan was the first of these compounds to be developed, and offered improved efficacy and tolerability over ergot-derived compounds. The development of sumatriptan was quickly followed by a number of 'second generation'(More)
The objective of this study was to measure the steady-state cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentration of LY450108 and LY451395 (positive modulators of AMPA receptors) in healthy subjects after the administration of 1 mg and 5 mg. Secondary objectives included the evaluation of safety, pharmacokinetics, and steady-state ratio of plasma:CSF concentrations of(More)
ABT-384 is a potent, selective inhibitor of 11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (HSD-1). One milligram of ABT-384 daily fully inhibited hepatic HSD-1. Establishing the dose that fully inhibits central nervous system (CNS) HSD-1 would enable definitive clinical studies in potential CNS indications. [9,11,12,12-(2)H4] cortisol (D4 cortisol), a stable(More)
Recognizing specific protein changes in response to drug administration in humans has the potential for significant utility in clinical research. In spite of this, many methodological and practical questions related to assessing such changes are unanswered. We conducted a series of clinical studies to assess the feasibility of measuring changes in proteins(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the bioavailability of rivastigmine, an approved therapy for patients with mild to moderate dementia of the Alzheimer's type, at the highest approved single dose of 6 mg. DESIGN AND SETTING Randomised, two-period crossover, single-centre, non-blinded, inpatient study. PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS Eleven patients (five females and(More)
In recent years, the growing numbers of patients seeking care for a wide range of psychiatric illnesses in the primary care setting has resulted in an increase in the number of psychotropic medications prescribed. Along with the increased utilization of psychotropic medications, considerable variability is noted in the prescribing patterns of primary care(More)
We examined the effects of avitriptan, a 5-hydroxytryptamine 1-like (5HT1) receptor agonist for the treatment of migraine, in patients with medicated, controlled, mild to moderate hypertension relative to placebo and sumatriptan. The study was randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, and 4-way crossover in design. Twenty patients (12M, 8F)(More)