Stanford L. Gertler

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Acute diarrhea in adults is usually caused by bacterial infection, parasitic infestation, food poisoning, or drugs. In this review, we summarize the pros and cons of medical therapies, point out certain areas of controversy, and propose a rationale for early intervention. Discussion is limited to the use of antidiarrheal agents and antibiotics in acute(More)
Following a multicenter, double-blind trial comparing cimetidine, antacid, and placebo for the treatment of gastric ulcer, patients whose ulcers had healed were followed prospectively to assess the frequency of ulcer relapse. Fifty-eight patients entered the follow-up study. Patients were encouraged to discontinue smoking and excessive ethanol intake, but(More)
We compared the care of all adults admitted directly for acute nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding in 1981 to three types of hospitals: private (n = 138), health maintenance organization (HMO) (n = 105), and university (n = 72). Some patient characteristics differed, but most indices of blood loss, all final diagnoses, and rates of surgery (less(More)
Experiments were carried out in healthy volunteers to explore the utility of a new [14C]lactulose breath test for measuring small intestinal transit time in man and to use this procedure to test whether two antidiarrheal agents, codeine and clonidine, alter small intestinal transit time during digestion of a liquid meal. In an initial validation study(More)
A 44-yr-old white homosexual man with a history of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia developed watery diarrhea and fever. Flexible sigmoidoscopy revealed yellow plaques in the sigmoid colon suggestive of pseudomembranous colitis. Stool examination for ova and parasites, Clostridium difficile toxin, and cultures for pathogens, including Clostridium difficile,(More)
A case of acute hypervitaminosis A complicating viral hepatitis is reported. Twenty days after presenting with hepatitis B, a 42-yr-old vegetarian developed acute hypervitaminosis A in the absence of recent, massive exposure to the vitamin. Findings included headache, confusion, skin desquamation, and hypercalcemia. Prior to developing hepatitis, he had(More)
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