Stan Y Tsing

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Human prostaglandin G/H synthase 1 and 2 were expressed in the baculovirus expression system and purified to high levels. Both enzymes were glycosylated. PGHS-1 appeared to be homogeneous by SDS-PAGE analysis but two closely migrating bands were detected in PGHS-2 preparation which were evidently due to heterogeneity in glycosylation. The amino-acid(More)
c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) 2 is a member of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase group of signaling proteins. MAP kinases share a common sequence insertion called "MAP kinase insert", which, for ERK2, has been shown to interact with regulatory proteins and, for p38alpha, has been proposed to be involved in the regulation of catalytic activity. We(More)
IL-1R-associated kinase (IRAK)4 plays a central role in innate and adaptive immunity, and is a crucial component in IL-1/TLR signaling. We have determined the crystal structures of the apo and ligand-bound forms of human IRAK4 kinase domain. These structures reveal several features that provide opportunities for the design of selective IRAK4 inhibitors. The(More)
JNK2 and p38alpha are closely related mitogen-activated protein kinases that regulate various cellular activities and are considered drug targets for inflammatory diseases. We have determined the X-ray crystal structure of the clinical phase II p38alpha inhibitor BIRB796 bound to its off-target JNK2. This shows for the first time a JNK subfamily member in(More)
A process for semicontinuous production of matrilysin zymogen secreted from recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells was developed. The zymogen was purified to apparent homogeneity by sequential ion-exchange and metal chelation chromatography. These processes were scaled-up to purify gram quantities of the zymogen. The N-terminus of the secreted(More)
GMP synthetase, a key enzyme in the de novo synthesis of guanine nucleotides, is a potential target for immunosuppression and anticancer chemotherapy. In order to closely examine the catalytic mechanism and active-site topography of this enzyme, large amounts of pure protein are needed. Catalytically active human GMP synthetase was expressed in a(More)
Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) are recommended components of preferred combination antiretroviral therapies used for the treatment of HIV. These regimens are extremely effective in suppressing virus replication. Structure-based optimization of diaryl ether inhibitors led to the discovery of a new series of pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridazine(More)
Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) plays a key role in B cell receptor signaling and is considered a promising drug target for lymphoma and inflammatory diseases. We have determined the X-ray crystal structures of BTK kinase domain in complex with six inhibitors from distinct chemical classes. Five different BTK protein conformations are stabilized by the bound(More)
Spleen lymphocytes obtained from mice immunized with Trichomonas vaginalis ATCC 30001 were fused with P3-X63-Ag8-653 mouse myeloma in order to produce hybridoma-secreting antibodies against T. vaginalis associated antigens. Six hybridoma cloned cell lines were established; three produced IgG1, two produced IgG2a, and one produced IgM monoclonal antibody.(More)
Human dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH) has been expressed in transformed Drosophila Schneider 2 (S2) cells with yields of > 16 mg/l. Most of the activity was found in the culture fluid. Similarly, human neuroblastoma cells also secrete native DBH into the medium, but at a much lower level than recombinant Drosophila cells. We have purified native and(More)