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Cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by a biochemical abnormality in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) channel. CFTR-deficient lung epithelial cells may have high constitutive glutathione (GSH) levels that could decrease the intracellular content of the sphingolipid second messenger, ceramide. Altered ceramide levels in CF(More)
Fish consumption is the most important source of human exposure to methylmercury (MeHg). Since fish is also a rich source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, this study was conducted to examine the effects of dietary fats on MeHg-induced acute toxicity in rats. Weanling male Sprague Dawley rats were administered semi-purified casein-based isocaloric diet(More)
This study evaluated the reproducibility of laboratory based 20-km time trials in well trained versus recreational cyclists. Eighteen cyclists (age = 34 +/- 8 yrs; body mass index = 23.1 +/- 2.2 kg/m (2); VO(2max) = 4.19 +/- 0.65 L/min) completed three 20-km time trials over a month on a Velotron cycle ergometer. Average power output (PO) (W), speed, and(More)
Lipid oxidation in foods is initiated by free radical and/or singlet oxygen mechanisms which generate a series of autocatalytic free radical reactions. These autoxidation reactions lead to the breakdown of lipid and to the formation of a wide array of oxidation products. The nature and proportion of these products can vary widely between foods and depend on(More)
Previous research has linked hyperlipidemia with increased serum concentrations of lipid peroxidation products; however, a specific association between diet-induced oxidative stress and hyperlipidemia has not been studied. In the present study, the relationship between tissue lipid peroxidation and hyperlipidemia induced by ingestion of fish oil was(More)
We examined the effects of dietary fats on methylmercury (MeHg)-induced systemic oxidative stress and oxidative DNA damage in liver and kidney of male Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were treated with a casein-based purified isocaloric diet containing 15% by weight soy oil, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), seal oil, fish oil, or lard for 28 days, and then gavaged with(More)
Chronic and persistent lung infections cause the majority of morbidity and mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Galactosyl ceramide has been previously shown to be involved in Pseudomonas internalization. Therefore, we assessed ceramide levels in the plasma of patients with CF and compared them to healthy volunteers using high-performance liquid(More)
BACKGROUND High-pressure treatment of whey protein may increase digestibility and bioavailability of cysteine. The purpose of the study was to determine whether total lymphocyte glutathione (gamma-glutamyl-cysteinyl-glycine [GSH]) levels (oxidized+reduced) can be augmented from three different doses of pressurized whey protein supplements in a(More)
Both diabetes mellitus and exposure to environmental contaminants are becoming health hazards to many indigenous populations in the world. In earlier work, we established the embryopathy of the chlorinated pesticide, toxaphene technical mixture (TOX) and its two physiologically most important congeners, T(2)(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS For primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD), Canadian guidelines recommend that asymptomatic Canadians with abdominal obesity undergo Framingham risk score (FRS) assessment, and that in Indigenous Peoples, indicators of metabolic syndrome also be used to identify at-risk individuals. The hypertriglyceridemic-waist phenotype(More)