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Spinoza suggested that all information is accepted during comprehension and that false information is then unaccepted. Subjects were presented with true and false linguistic propositions and, on some trials, their processing of that information was interrupted. As Spinoza's model predicted, interruption increased the likelihood that subjects would consider(More)
Early life adversity, including adverse gestational and postpartum maternal environment, is a contributing factor in the development of autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety and depression but little is known about the underlying molecular mechanism. In a model of gestational maternal adversity that leads to innate anxiety,(More)
Beginning with James, self-theorists have entertained two complementary visions of the self. The me has denoted people's representations of themselves, or the characteristics that they impute to themselves. The I has referred to the sense of self, the homunculus-like entity that experiences and reacts to the world, constructs mental representations and(More)
In this paper, I first consider a famous objection that the standard interpretation of the Lockean account of diachronicity (i.e., one's sense of personal identity over time) via psychological connectedness falls prey to breaks in one's personal narrative. I argue that recent case studies show that while this critique may hold with regard to some long-term(More)
  • S Klein
  • 1984
This paper is a clinical account of a patient whose adolescence was dominated by perverse and antisocial behaviour and who later became ill with severe anxiety symptoms and inability to work. In the analysis the breakdown of his omnipotent defences led to feelings of impotence and depression and delusional fears which he had previously tried to deal with by(More)
The performance of an observer on a psychophysical task is typically summarized by reporting one or more response thresholds—stimulus intensities required to produce a given level of performance—and by characterization of the rate at which performance improves with increasing stimulus intensity. These measures are derived from a psychometric function, which(More)
The developing fetus and neonate are highly sensitive to maternal environment. Besides the well-documented effects of maternal stress, nutrition and infections, maternal mutations, by altering the fetal, perinatal and/or early postnatal environment, can impact the behavior of genetically normal offspring. Mutation/premutation in the X-linked FMR1 (encoding(More)
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