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—The increasing usage of smart embedded devices in business blurs the line between the virtual and real worlds. This creates new opportunities to build applications that better integrate real-time state of the physical world, and hence, provides enterprise services that are highly dynamic, more diverse, and efficient. Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA)(More)
Advances in the areas of embedded systems, computing, and networking are leading to an infrastructure composed of millions of heterogeneous devices. These devices will not simply convey information but process it in transit, connect peer to peer, and form advanced collaborations. This " In-ternet of Things " infrastructure will be strongly integrated with(More)
On the one hand, enterprises manufacturing any kinds of goods require agile production technology to be able to fully accommodate their customers' demand for flexibility. On the other hand, Smart Objects, such as networked intelligent machines or tagged raw materials, exhibit ever increasing capabilities, up to the point where they offer their smart(More)
This paper puts the Internet of Things in a wider context: How it relates to the Future Internet overall, and where the business value lies so that it will become interesting for enterprises to invest in it. Real-World Awareness and Business Process Decomposition are the two major paradigms regarding future business value. The major application domains(More)
Today manufacturers require efficient reaction to critical events occurring at the shop floor. Therefore, device-level data needs to be integrated into business processes in a standardized and flexible way to avoid time-consuming media breaks. Current approaches are characterized by a late indication of changes in the production environment and a delayed(More)
—In the future smart city, new information and communication technologies will enable a better management of the available resources. The future smart grid infrastructure is emerging as a complex system where fine-grained monitoring and control of energy generating and/or consuming entities within the electricity network is possible. This will result to(More)
—Future smart cities are expected to be very large and complex ecosystems, where interactions among the various involved entities may lead to emergent behaviours (system of systems characteristic). Managing better the energy footprint is one of those challenging goals, and the smartgrid may provide a key tool in achieving that. We expect that smart city(More)