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BACKGROUND A neural linkage between peripheral abnormalities and the exaggerated exercise responses in chronic heart failure (CHF) was postulated. We studied the ergoreceptors (afferents sensitive to skeletal muscle work) in CHF and whether training can affect their activity. METHODS AND RESULTS In 12 stable CHF patients (ejection fraction [EF] = 26.4%)(More)
Hemodynamics (by aortic Doppler), autonomic factors (power spectrum analysis of heart rate and blood pressure variabilities and baroreceptor sensitivity), and plasma renin activity during the hypotension after maximal exercise were studied in 10 normal subjects on two separate days: a nonexercise (control) day (30 min of upright rest followed by 60 min of(More)
BACKGROUND Many secondary abnormalities in chronic heart failure (CHF) may reflect physical deconditioning. There has been no prospective, controlled study of the effects of physical training on hemodynamics and autonomic function in CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS In a controlled crossover trial of 8 weeks of exercise training, 17 men with stable moderate to(More)
AIM To investigate whether remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC) can attenuate the inflammatory response and enzyme leakage that can occur after uncomplicated routine percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS 41 consecutive normotensive patients with stable angina and single-vessel disease were assigned to be exposed to RIPC (n = 20) or not(More)
In a previous paper, as the first of a series of three on the importance of characteristics and modalities of physical activity (PA) and exercise in the management of cardiovascular health within the general population, we concluded that, in the population at large, PA and aerobic exercise capacity clearly are inversely associated with increased(More)
OBJECTIVES This study investigated the effects of physical training on skeletal muscle metabolism in patients with chronic heart failure. BACKGROUND Skeletal muscle metabolic abnormalities in patients with chronic heart failure have been associated with exercise intolerance. Muscle deconditioning is a possible mechanism for the intrinsic skeletal muscle(More)
1. It is known that acute exercise is often followed by a reduction in arterial blood pressure. Little is known about the time course of the recovery of the blood pressure or the influence of the intensity of the exercise on this response. Controversy exists, in particular, concerning the changes in peripheral resistance that occur during this period. 2.(More)
AIMS Previous studies have shown an abnormal expression of cellular adhesion molecules and cytokines in chronic heart failure, which may be related to endothelial dysfunction characterizing this syndrome. Our study investigates the effects of physical training on serum activity of some peripheral inflammatory markers associated with endothelial dysfunction,(More)
Alterations of autonomic nervous control of cardiac function have been described in syndrome X. The characteristics, however, of the autonomic control of the cardiovascular system in patients with syndrome X have not been adequately studied; thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the role of baroreceptor sensitivity and sympathovagal balance(More)
In animals, intermittent sympathomimetic stimulation with dobutamine produces benefits analogous to those of physical conditioning. Longer intermittent or continuous beta-stimulant therapies have not, however, been successful in managing patients with chronic heart failure. We have investigated the role of beta-receptor stimulants in patients with severe(More)