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PURPOSE A retrospective analysis of the toxicity and efficacy of temozolomide in advanced neuroendocrine tumors. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Thirty-six patients with advanced stages of neuroendocrine tumor (1 gastric, 7 thymic and 13 bronchial carcinoids, 12 pancreatic endocrine tumors, 1 paraganglioma, 1 neuroendocrine foregut, and 1 neuroendocrine cecal cancer)(More)
Thymic neuroendocrine tumours (TNETs) are uncommon but malignant neoplasms, usually associated with a poor prognosis. The number of cases reported is limited to a few hundreds and there are few prognostic factors available. All 28 patients (22 male, 6 female; median age 46.5 years) with thymic neuroendocrine tumour, treated at the Department of Endocrine(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with metastatic poorly differentiated endocrine carcinoma (PDEC) usually have a short survival. The chemotherapy combination of cisplatin and etoposide is frequently used as first-line palliative chemotherapy. There are, however, no published studies concerning second-line treatment of the disease. Temozolomide has shown clinical effect(More)
BACKGROUND Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare cancer that has a poor response to cytotoxic treatment. METHODS We randomly assigned 304 patients with advanced adrenocortical carcinoma to receive mitotane plus either a combination of etoposide (100 mg per square meter of body-surface area on days 2 to 4), doxorubicin (40 mg per square meter on day 1), and(More)
The diagnostic work-up and treatment of patients with neuroendocrine tumours has undergone a major change during the last decade. New diagnostic possibilities and treatment options have been developed. These Nordic guidelines, written by a group with a major interest in the subject, summarises our current view on how to diagnose and treat these patients.(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have demonstrated equal quality of targeted next generation sequencing (NGS) compared to Sanger Sequencing. Whereas these novel sequencing processes have a validated robust performance, choice of enrichment method and different available bioinformatic software as reliable analysis tool needs to be further investigated in a(More)
OBJECTIVE High-dose somatostatin analogue treatment has shown an antiproliferative effect in one study including patients with neuroendocrine tumours. To explore this therapeutic strategy further, we have studied the effect of a high-dose formula of octreotide, octreotide pamoate, in midgut carcinoid patients. DESIGN AND METHODS Twelve patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with malignant midgut carcinoids are occasionally diagnosed with limited tumor spread, and surgery with radical intention is performed. Despite curative intent, recurrences occur frequently, motivating long-term biochemical and radiological follow-up. This study aimed to compare the usefulness of various methods in detecting such(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnostic work-up and treatment of patients with neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) has undergone major recent advances and new methods are currently introduced into the clinic. An update of the WHO classification has resulted in a new nomenclature dividing NENs into neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) including G1 (Ki67 index ≤ 2%) and G2 (Ki67(More)
BACKGROUND Recent findings have shown that up to 60% of pheochromocytomas (PCCs) and paragangliomas (PGLs) are caused by germline or somatic mutations in one of the 11 hitherto known susceptibility genes: SDHA, SDHB, SDHC, SDHD, SDHAF2, VHL, HIF2A (EPAS1), RET, NF1, TMEM127 and MAX. This list of genes is constantly growing and the 11 genes together consist(More)