Staffan Tamm

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In a series of daul choice tests with large volume feeders, rufous hummingbirds preferred sucrose concentrations near those that maximized their instantaneous rates of energy intake. As predicted on theoretical grounds, energy intake rates increased with increasing sucrose concentration to a maximum then decreased above this maximum. Earlier experimental(More)
Social hierarchy was studied in two flocks (14 and 10 individuals, respectively) of captive jackdaws. Parent birds acquired high-ranking positions during the nesting period. Outside the breeding season the hierarchy seemed to be stable. Males generally dominated females. When the top-ranking male arrived at the feeding place it tended to supplant one of the(More)
Precision comparisons of different atomic frequency standards over a period of a few years can be used for a sensitive search for temporal variations of fundamental constants. We present recent frequency measurements of the 688 THz transition in the Yb ion. For this transition frequency a record over six years is now available, showing that a possible(More)
The relative importance of food a vailability and intruder pressure on breeding territorial behavior was studied in two experiments with male calliope hummingbirds. In the first experiment, extra food was provided in inconspicuous feeders. Territory owners who fed from the feeders increased their display rates (power-diving and hovering) when on their(More)
The hypothesis that bird flocks orient more accurately than single individuals was tested on homing pigeons. Birds were released both singly and in flocks of three to six. Vanishing bearings were recorded and it was found that flocks were less scattered around the mean direction than singly released birds. Homing times were found to be shorter for flocks as(More)
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