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Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of mortality related to gynecologic malignancies in Sweden but there is no current screening program. Based upon epidemiological research there is evidence that certain reproductive factors are associated with ovarian cancer risk. Most studies generally indicate that each childbirth incurs a 15-20% risk reduction. Women(More)
Laser techniques were applied to an acoustically levitated droplet for remote investigation of the diameter, species concentration and temperature of the suspended droplet. To this end, the third and the fourth harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser were used for investigation of elastic, fluorescence and phosphorescence signals from the droplet. The droplet was seeded(More)
This case-control study evaluated reproductive and other factors in relation to epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) risk. Between 1993 and 1995, the authors recruited 655 EOC cases and 3,899 population controls aged 50-74 years who were born in and residents of Sweden. Data were collected through mailed questionnaires. Odds ratios were estimated by(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the association between hormonal infertility treatment and ovarian neoplasia. DESIGN Historical cohort study. SETTING Three university hospitals in Sweden. PATIENT(S) A total of 2,768 women assessed and treated for infertility and infertility-associated disorders between 1961 and 1975. INTERVENTION(S) Exposed women received(More)
BACKGROUND Prevalence of neurocognitive impairment in HIV-1 infected patients is reported to be high. Whether this is a result of active HIV-related neurodegeneration is unclear. We examined axonal injury in HIV-1 patients by measuring the light subunit of neurofilament protein (NFL) in CSF with a novel, sensitive method. METHODS With a cross-sectional(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and age-related cataract, disorders characterized by protein aggregation causing late-onset disease, both involve oxidative stress. We hypothesize that common variants of NFE2L2 and KEAP1, the genes encoding the main regulators of the Nrf2 system, an important defence system against oxidative stress, may influence risk of AD and/or(More)
BACKGROUND Compared with coronary artery disease, there are few studies on von Willebrand factor (VWF) in ischemic stroke (IS). Moreover, there is little information on VWF in the etiologic subtypes of IS. OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to investigate VWF in IS and in the etiologic subtypes of IS. PATIENTS/METHODS The Sahlgrenska Academy(More)
BACKGROUND Occasional cases of viral escape in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) despite suppression of plasma human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA have been reported. We investigated CSF viral escape in subjects treated with commonly used antiretroviral therapy regimens in relation to intrathecal immune activation and central nervous system penetration(More)
BACKGROUND A substantial prevalence of mild neurocognitive disorders has been reported in HIV, also in patients treated with combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). This includes a new disorder that has been termed asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment (ANI). DISCUSSION ANI is identified by performance on formal neuropsychological testing that is at(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) -7351C>T and the plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) -675 4G>5G polymorphisms influence transcriptional activity. Both variants have been associated with myocardial infarction, with increased risk for the T and 4G allele, respectively. In this study we investigated the possible(More)