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Seasonal anestrus in the ewe results from two effects of inhibitory photoperiods: a steroid-dependent effect by which estradiol gains the capacity to suppress LH pulse frequency and a steroid-independent effect that decreases LH pulse frequency in ovariectomized ewes. We have previously proposed that these effects of anestrous photoperiods result from the(More)
Activation of a member of the caspase family of cysteine proteases is thought to be required for the execution of apoptosis in neurons and other cell types. We describe here an antibody (Ab127) reactive with a neoantigenic site on caspase substrate proteins degraded during apoptosis, and its characterization as a biochemical and histochemical probe for(More)
In the ewe, two types of seasonal fluctuations in secretion of tonic luteinizing hormone (LH) have been described: a steroid-dependent change whereby estradiol gains the capacity to suppress LH pulse frequency in anestrus, and a steroid-independent decrease in pulse frequency in ovariectomized animals during anestrus. We have proposed that the former(More)
The neurotrophins nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT3), and NT4/5 are all found in the developing cerebellum. Granule cells, the major target neurons of mossy fibers, express BDNF during mossy fiber synaptogenesis. To determine whether neurotrophins contribute to the development of cerebellar afferent(More)
BACKGROUND The approved immunomodulatory agents for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) are only partially effective. It is thought that the combination of immunomodulatory and neuroprotective strategies is necessary to prevent or reverse disease progression. Irradiation with far red/near infrared light, termed photobiomodulation, is a therapeutic(More)
Bioactive brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 were produced using the baculovirus expression system and purified to homogeneity using ion-exchange and reversed-phase chromatography. Yields of purified neurotrophin-3 (300-500 micrograms/L) were similar to levels reported for baculovirus-expressed nerve growth factor (NGF), whereas(More)
1. In situ hybridization histochemistry was used to localize nerve growth factor receptor (NGFR) mRNA in the adult rat basal forebrain. 2. In emulsion-dipped sections 35S-labeled RNA antisense probes produced a high density of silver grains over cells located in the medial septum, vertical and horizontal limbs of the diagonal band of Broca, and nucleus(More)
The protein kinase inhibitor K-252a increased choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity in rat embryonic spinal cord cultures in a dose-dependent manner (EC50 of approximately 100 nM) with maximal stimulatory activity at 300 nM resulting in as much as a fourfold increase. A single application of K-252a completely prevented the marked decline in ChAT(More)
Non-radioactive detection of mRNA with in situ hybridization histochemistry has emerged as an important new technology for the study of gene expression. Quantitative in situ hybridization studies have generally relied upon counting of autoradiographic grains in the emulsion overlying cells containing hybridized, radioactively labeled probe. However, such(More)
In the ewe, seasonal anestrus appears to result from two effects of inhibitory photoperiod: 1) estradiol gains the capacity to suppress luteinizing hormone (LH) pulse frequency and hence becomes a potent inhibitor of tonic LH secretion and 2) a steroid-independent decrease in LH pulse frequency occurs in ovariectomized ewes. In this study, we have obtained(More)
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