Stacy L. Dalheimer

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To investigate the mechanism of CD4(+) T-cell help during the activation and differentiation of directly alloreactive CD8(+) T cells, we examined the development of obliterative airways disease (OAD) following transplantation of airways into fully mismatched recipient mice deficient in CD4(+) T cells. BALB/c trachea allografts became fibrosed significantly(More)
Lung and heart-lung transplantation are effective treatments for many diseases unresponsive to other therapy. However, long-term survival of recipients is limited by the development of obliterative bronchiolitis (OB). In this study, microarray analysis of a heterotopic mouse model of obliterative airway disease (OAD) was used to test the hypothesis that the(More)
Among the milestones that occur during T-cell development in the thymus is the expression of T-cell receptor-β (TCR-β) and the formation of the pre-TCR complex. Signals emanating from the pre-TCR trigger survival, proliferation and differentiation of T-cell precursors. Although the pre-TCR is essential for these cell outcomes, other receptors, such as Notch(More)
To investigate the role of TCR signaling in the exit of CD4+ T cells from cell cycle, we took advantage of a low frequency TEa T cell adoptive transfer technique as well as the Y-Ae mAb to interrupt Ag/MHC recognition before the completion of clonal expansion. Termination of TCR signaling after 36 h of Ag exposure caused an immediate reduction in cell size(More)
Indirect recognition of minor histocompatibility antigens (mHAg) and/or MHC-encoded allopeptides is an important barrier to long-term allograft acceptance following solid organ transplantation. Efficient priming of CD8+ T cells can occur after allotransplantation as a consequence of cross-presentation of donor-derived proteins by the graft recipient's APC.(More)
TCRbeta expression in CD4(-)CD8(-) double-negative (DN) thymocytes induces signaling pathways that promote survival and proliferation, as well as differentiation into CD4(+)CD8(+) double-positive thymocytes. The signaling pathways that regulate survival, proliferation, and differentiation remain unclear. We used Gads-deficient mice to investigate the(More)
Positive selection of T-cell precursors is the process by which a diverse T-cell repertoire is established. Positive selection begins at the CD4(+)CD8(+) double positive (DP) stage of development and involves at least two steps. First, DP thymocytes down-regulate CD8 to become transitional single positive (TSP) CD4(+) thymocytes. Then, cells are selected to(More)
Ag recognition by OVA-reactive OT-II (I-Ab restricted) and DO11.10 (I-Ad restricted) TCR-Tg CD4+ T cells after heterotopic transplantation of OVA transgene-expressing tracheal grafts was examined as a model of minor histocompatibility Ag (mHAg)-induced chronic allograft rejection. In response to airway allotransplantation with grafts expressing the OVA(More)