Stacie L Demel

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Reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as superoxide and H(2)O(2), are capable of modifying vascular tone, although the response to ROS can vary qualitatively among vascular beds, experimental procedures, and species. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) induces superoxide production, which can be dismutated to H(2)O(2). The RhoA/Rho kinase pathway partially mediates(More)
Superoxide anion (O(2)(-*)) production was previously reported to be increased in celiac ganglia (CG) during DOCA-salt hypertension, possibly via activation of the reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase. This suggested a role for neuronal NADPH oxidase in autonomic neurovascular control. However, the expression and localization(More)
Norepinephrine (NE) and ATP are co-released by periarterial sympathetic nerves. In mesenteric arteries (MA) from deoxycorticosterone-acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rats, ATP, but not norepinephrine, release is impaired suggesting that their release may be regulated differently. We tested the hypothesis that different calcium channels contribute to ATP and(More)
Sympathetic nerves release norepinephrine and ATP onto mesenteric arteries. In deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rats, there is increased arterial sympathetic neurotransmission attributable, in part, to impaired prejunctional regulation of norepinephrine release. Prejunctional regulation purinergic transmission in hypertension is less(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The Combined Approach to Lysis Utilizing Eptifibatide and Recombinant Tissue-Type Plasminogen Activator (r-tPA; CLEAR) in Acute Ischemic Stroke (AIS) and CLEAR-Enhanced Regimen (CLEAR-ER) trials demonstrated safety of reduced dose r-tPA plus the glycoprotein 2b/3a inhibitor, eptifibatide, in AIS compared with r-tPA alone. The(More)
We tested the hypothesis that vascular macrophage infiltration and O2 (-) release impairs sympathetic nerve α2-adrenergic autoreceptor (α2AR) function in mesenteric arteries (MAs) of DOCA-salt hypertensive rats. Male rats were uninephrectomized or sham operated (sham). DOCA pellets were implanted subcutaneously in uninephrectomized rats who were provided(More)
We report a 37-year-old man with a history of cirrhosis and methicillin-sensitive staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteremia who presented from a nursing home with 1 week of progressive confusion followed by acute onset of aphasia, forced left eye deviation and right sided weakness. While clinical presentation was concerning for a left middle cerebral artery(More)
Basilar artery occlusions (BAOs) are a subset of posterior circulation strokes. Particular issues relevant to BAOs include variable and stuttering symptoms at onset resulting in delays in diagnosis, high morbidity and mortality, and uncertain best management. Despite better imaging techniques, diagnosis, and therefore treatment, is often delayed. We will(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare comorbidities and use of surgery and palliative care between men and women with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS The Ethnic/Racial Variations of Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ERICH) study is a prospective, multicenter, case-control study of ICH risk factors and outcomes. We compared comorbidities, treatments, and use of(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to compare sex-specific associations between cardiovascular risk factors and diabetes mellitus (DM) among patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in the Greater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Stroke Study (GCNKSS). METHODS The GCNKSS ascertained AIS cases in 2005 and 2010 among adult (age ≥ 20 years) residents(More)