Stacie G. Deiner

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Postoperative delirium and cognitive dysfunction (POCD) are topics of special importance in the geriatric surgical population. They are separate entities, whose relationship has yet to be fully elucidated. Although not limited to geriatric patients, the incidence and impact of both are more profound in geriatric patients. Delirium has been shown to be(More)
A symposium, Pills and Ills: Methodologic Issues in Pharmacologic Research, was presented at the American Geriatrics Society Annual Scientific Meeting on May 4, 2013. The authors received support from National Institute on Aging Grants R01 AG037451, R01 AG027017, P30AG024827, T32AG021885, K07AG033174, R21AG045320; National Institute of Nursing Research(More)
In patients refractory to medical therapy, deep brain stimulations (DBSs) have emerged as the treatment of movement disorders particularly Parkinson's disease. Their use has also been extended in pediatric and adult patients to treat epileptogenic foci. We here performed a retrospective chart review of anesthesia records from 28 pediatric cases of patients(More)
Though relatively new, intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) has become standard of care for many neurosurgical procedures. The use of IONM has substantially decreased the rate of paralysis after deformity surgery, and has been validated in cervical spine surgery, and thoracic and lumbar laminectomy (1) (2), (3). The main modalities are:(More)
OBJECT Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is frequently complicated by acute hydrocephalus, necessitating emergency CSF diversion with a subset of patients, ultimately requiring long-term treatment via placement of permanent ventricular shunts. It is unclear what factors may predict the need for ventricular shunt placement in this patient population. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE Geriatric patients are more sensitive to the anesthetic effects of propofol and its adverse effects, such as hypotension, than is the general population; thus, a reduced dose (1-1.5 mg/kg) is recommended for the induction of anesthesia. The extent to which clinicians follow established dosing guidelines has not been well described. Therefore, we(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative delirium (PD) is a prevalent complication of elderly surgical patients, which predisposes to worsened cognitive recovery and dementia. Risk of PD has been associated with increasing magnitude of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress response (serum cortisol, epinephrine and norepinephrine) to surgery. Anesthetics suppress this(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanistic aspects of cognitive recovery after anesthesia and surgery are not yet well characterized, but may be vital to distinguishing the contributions of anesthesia and surgery in cognitive complications common in the elderly such as delirium and postoperative cognitive dysfunction. This article describes the aims and methodological approach(More)