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The effects of the antipsychotic drugs haloperidol and clozapine on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and non-NMDA receptor-mediated neurotransmission were examined and compared in pyramidal cells of the medial prefrontal cortex in rat brain slices by using the techniques of intracellular recording and single-electrode voltage-clamp. The bath administration of(More)
The secondary loss of neurons and glia over the first 24 h after spinal cord injury (SCI) contributes to the permanent functional deficits that are the unfortunate consequence of SCI. The progression of this acute secondary cell death in specific neuronal and glial populations has not previously been investigated in a quantitative manner. We used a(More)
Spinophilin is a protein phosphatase-1- and actin-binding protein that modulates excitatory synaptic transmission and dendritic spine morphology. We have recently shown that the interaction of spinophilin with the actin cytoskeleton depends upon phosphorylation by protein kinase A. We have now found that spinophilin is phosphorylated by(More)
The AMPA-preferring subtype of ionotropic glutamate receptors (GluRs) is a hetero-oligomeric ion channel assembled from various combinations of four subunits: GluR1, GluR2, GluR3, and GluR4. Antagonists of these receptors can mitigate the effects of experimental spinal cord injury (SCI), indicating that these receptors play a significant role in(More)
Spinophilin is enriched in dendritic spines, small protrusions of the postsynaptic membrane along the length of the dendrite that contain the majority of excitatory synapses. Spinophilin binds to protein phosphatase 1 with high affinity and targets it to dendritic spines, therefore placing it in proximity to regulate glutamate receptor activity. Spinophilin(More)
Differential assembly of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunits determines their functional characteristics. Using in situ hybridization, we found a selective increase of the subunits NR1 and NR2A mRNA at 24 h in ventral motor neurons (VMN) caudal to a standardized spinal cord contusion injury (SCI). Other neuronal cell populations and VMN rostral to(More)
Alterations in the expression of ionotropic glutamate receptors (GluR) contribute to neuronal loss after brain ischemia and epilepsy. In order to determine whether altered expression of GluR subunits might contribute to cell loss after spinal cord injury (SCI), we performed a time course study of subunit mRNA expression using quantitative in situ(More)
Quantitative western blot analysis in laminectomy control spinal cords of adult rats was used to provide the first report of the normal expression patterns of the N1, C1, C2 and C2' cassettes in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar regions of the spinal cord as a percent of total NR1 subunit protein. In all regions studied, the C1 and C2 cassettes were usually(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) impairs descending glutamatergic neurotransmission reaching ventral motor neurons (VMN). Previously we reported up-regulation of NMDA receptor subunits NR1 and NR2A mRNAs in VMN caudal to the lesion site 24 h after SCI. The absence of effect rostral to the injury site suggested that injury-induced loss of descending activity might(More)
All humans experience itch in the course of their life. Even a discussion on the topic of itch or seeing people scratch can evoke the desire to scratch. These events are coined "contagious itch" and are very common. We and others have shown that videos showing people scratching and pictures of affected skin or insects can induce itch in healthy persons and(More)
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