Stacey L Mueller-Ortiz

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Carboxypeptidase N (CPN) is a plasma zinc metalloprotease, which consists of two enzymatically active small subunits (CPN1) and two large subunits (CPN2) that protect the protein from degradation. CPN cleaves carboxy-terminal arginines and lysines from peptides found in the bloodstream such as complement anaphylatoxins, kinins, and creatine kinase MM(More)
The host response to intravascular, Gram-negative bacteria includes profound immunologic, hematologic and physiologic changes. Numerous host defense mechanisms are activated by Gram-negative bacteria, including the complement system. Activation of the complement system leads to cleavage of C5 with subsequent generation of the C5a anaphylatoxin peptide. C5a(More)
Activation of complement is one of the earliest immune responses to exogenous threats, resulting in various cleavage products including anaphylatoxin C3a. In addition to its contribution to host defense, C3a has been shown to mediate Th2 responses in animal models of asthma. However, the role of C3a on pulmonary Th17 responses during allergic inflammation(More)
The C3a anaphylatoxin is a 77-amino acid peptide that is generated by enzymatic cleavage of C3 during activation of the complement system. C3a mediates numerous biological functions on binding its receptor (C3aR), which is present on both myeloid and nonmyeloid cells. To investigate the biological impact of C3a-mediated effects during acute pneumonia caused(More)
The complement system, especially the alternative pathway, plays essential roles in the induction of injury in collagen Ab-induced arthritis (CAIA) in mice. The goal of the current study was to directly compare the roles of receptors for C3a and C5a, as well as the membrane attack complex, as effector mechanisms in the pathogenesis of CAIA. Clinical disease(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium are facultative intracellular pathogens that are able to survive and replicate in mononuclear phagocytes. Human complement component C3 has previously been shown to mediate attachment and phagocytosis of these bacteria by mononuclear phagocytes. In this study, a C3 ligand affinity blot protocol was used to(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a leading cause of hospital-acquired pneumonia, and approximately 80% of patients with cystic fibrosis are infected with this bacterium. To investigate the overall role of complement and the complement activation pathways in the host defense against P. aeruginosa pulmonary infection, we challenged C3-, C4-, and factor B-deficient(More)
Carboxypeptidase N (CPN) is a plasma zinc metalloprotease, which consists of two enzymatically active small subunits (CPN1) and two large subunits (CPN2) that protect the protein from degradation. Historically, CPN has been implicated as a major regulator of inflammation by its enzymatic cleavage of functionally important arginine and lysine amino acids(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive intracellular bacterium that is acquired through tainted food and may lead to systemic infection and possible death. Despite the importance of the innate immune system in fighting L. monocytogenes infection, little is known about the role of complement and its activation products, including the potent C3a(More)
HbhA of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a multifunctional binding protein, binding to both sulfated sugars such as heparin and to human complement component C3. HbhA may therefore interact with host molecules and/or host cells during M. tuberculosis infection and play a role in the pathogenesis of this bacterium. The purpose of this study was to use allelic(More)