Stacey L Galloway

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Insulin resistance is characterized by excessive endothelial cell generation of potentially cytotoxic concentrations of reactive oxygen species. We examined the role of NADPH oxidase (Nox) and specifically Nox2 isoform in superoxide generation in two complementary in vivo models of human insulin resistance (endothelial specific and whole body). Using three(More)
Statins can reduce adverse myocardial remodeling independently of their cholesterol-lowering ability. We have previously reported that simvastatin inhibits tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha)-induced cardiac myofibroblast invasion and MMP-9 secretion, key events in this remodeling process. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanisms(More)
OBJECTIVE In mice, haploinsufficiency of the IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R(+/-)), at a whole-body level, increases resistance to inflammation and oxidative stress, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We hypothesized that by forming insulin-resistant heterodimers composed of one IGF-1Rαβ and one insulin receptor (IR), IRαβ complex in endothelial cells (ECs),(More)
We recently demonstrated that reducing IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) numbers in the endothelium enhances nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability and endothelial cell insulin sensitivity. In the present report, we aimed to examine the effect of increasing IGF-1R on endothelial cell function and repair. To examine the effect of increasing IGF-1R in the endothelium, we(More)
BACKGROUND Enhanced sympathetic activation has a central role in the development of heart failure (HF). We assessed whether the alpha(2C)-adrenoceptor (Del322-325) polymorphism exclusively or in combination with a beta(1)-adrenoceptor (Arg389) polymorphism, each with known independent effects on sympathetic function, were associated with an increased risk(More)
and Repair Studies in Endothelium-Targeted IGF-1 Receptor Transgenic Mice Helen Imrie, Hema Viswambharan, Piruthivi Sukumar, Afroze Abbas, Richard M. Cubbon, Nadira Yuldasheva, Matthew Gage, Jessica Smith, Stacey Galloway, Anna Skromna, Sheik Taqweer Rashid, T. Simon Futers, Shouhong Xuan, V. Kate Gatenby, Peter J. Grant, Keith M. Channon, David J. Beech,(More)
OBJECTIVE Sympathetic nerve hyperactivity has been associated with hypertension and heart failure and their cardiovascular complications. The α2-adrenergic receptors have been proposed to play a prominent role in the control of sympathetic neural output, and their malfunction to constitute a potential central mechanism for sympathetic hyperactivity of(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is an important regulator of vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) invasion and proliferation. The T allele of the -1562C/T MMP-9 promoter polymorphism reportedly confers increased MMP-9 promoter activity, plasma MMP-9 levels and susceptibility to vascular pathologies. The aim of this study was to determine whether the MMP-9(More)
OBJECTIVES Defective endothelial regeneration predisposes to adverse arterial remodeling and is thought to contribute to cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus. We recently demonstrated that the type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF1R) is a negative regulator of insulin sensitivity and nitric oxide bioavailability. In this report, we(More)
BACKGROUND Stromelysin (MMP-3) is an important regulator of vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) invasion, a key contributor to saphenous vein (SV) bypass graft failure. The 5A allele of the common -1612 MMP-3 5A/6A promoter polymorphism reportedly confers increased promoter activity, MMP-3 tissue expression, and susceptibility to a number of vascular(More)