Stacey Kiat Hong Tay

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BACKGROUND Nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is a highly heterogeneous clinical condition that is understudied in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVE To analyze the epidemiological, clinical, and electroencephalograpic features in pediatric patients with NCSE. METHODS We identified 19 pediatric patients with NCSE from the epilepsy database of the(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a common neuromuscular disorder with autosomal recessive inheritance, resulting in the degeneration of motor neurons. The incidence of the disease has been estimated at 1 in 6000-10,000 newborns with a carrier frequency of 1 in 40-60. SMA is caused by mutations of the SMN1 gene, located on chromosome 5q13. The gene product,(More)
Mutations in the SURF1 gene are the most frequent causes of Leigh disease with cytochrome c oxidase deficiency. We describe four children with novel SURF1 mutations and unusual features: three had prominent renal symptoms and one had ragged red fibers in the muscle biopsy. We identified five pathogenic mutations in SURF1: two mutations were novel, an(More)
Mutations in the Conserved Oligomeric Golgi (COG) complex give rise to type II congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG). Thus far, mutations have been identified in 6 of the 8 COG subunits. Here we present data identifying a previously reported CDG-IIx case from Singapore as a new COG4 patient with 2 novel mutations leading to p.E233X and p.L773R; with(More)
Three patients with different clinical phenotypes harbored the same point mutation at nucleotide 14709 (T14709C) in the tRNAGlu gene of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The first patient was a 21-month-old child with severe congenital myopathy, respiratory distress and mild mental retardation. Muscle biopsy showed about 12% cytochrome c oxidase (COX)-negative(More)
BACKGROUND SCO2 is a cytochrome c oxidase (COX) assembly gene that encodes a mitochondrial inner membrane protein that probably functions as a copper transporter. Mutations in SCO2 have been associated with severe COX deficiency and early-onset fatal infantile hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, encephalopathy, and neurogenic muscle atrophy. Fetal wastage has not(More)
BACKGROUND Microangiopathy has been well described in the brain and muscle of patients with mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS). OBJECTIVE To describe a patient with the common A3243G/MELAS point mutation who had aortic rupture and whose mother also died of large vessel rupture. DESIGN Case report. SETTING(More)
We describe a case of congenital disorder of glycosylation with chronic diarrhea, progressive liver cirrhosis, and recurrent infections. Transferrin analysis showed only hyposialylation, but analysis of total serum N-glycans indicated loss of additional sugars, arguing that the latter generates a more informative picture to search for the primary defect.
Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency is a rare neurotransmitter defect leading to serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine deficiency. Affected individuals usually present in infancy with severe developmental delay, oculogyric crises and extrapyramidal movements. We present the clinical, molecular and biochemical features of a pair of siblings who(More)
Glycogen storage disease type IV or Andersen disease is an autosomal recessive disorder due to deficiency of glycogen branching enzyme. Typically, glycogen storage disease type IV presents with rapidly progressive liver cirrhosis and death in childhood. Variants include a cardiopathic form of childhood, a relatively benign myopathic form of young adults,(More)