Stacey D. Moore-Olufemi

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BACKGROUND Recent reports suggest that enteral diets enriched with arginine may be harmful by enhancing inflammation. This is consistent with our gut ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) model in which arginine induced the proinflammatory mediator inducible nitric oxide synthase and resulted in injury and inflammation whereas glutamine was protective. We now(More)
INTRODUCTION Infants with gastroschisis (GS) have significant morbidity from dysmotility, feeding intolerance, and are at increased risk of developing intestinal failure. Although the molecular mechanisms regulating GS-related intestinal dysfunction (GRID) are largely unknown, we hypothesized that mechanical constriction (nonocclusive mesenteric(More)
Using a rodent model of gut ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), we have previously shown that the induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is harmful, whereas the induction of heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) is protective. In the present study, we hypothesized that the luminal nutrients arginine(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertonic saline (HTS) has been shown to modulate the inflammatory response after shock. We have previously demonstrated that heme oygenase-1 (HO-1) induction is protective against gut dysfunction in models of shock-induced gut ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). We therefore hypothesized that HTS prevents gut inflammation, injury, and impaired transit(More)
Intra-abdominal hypertension leading to abdominal compartment syndrome complicates trauma resuscitation. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of primary (1 degrees) and secondary (2 degrees) intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) on hemodynamics, intestinal fluid balance, and mesenteric lymph flow. Anesthetized dogs were instrumented with(More)
BACKGROUND Management of the open abdomen is an increasingly common part of surgical practice. The purpose of this review is to examine the scientific background for the use of temporary abdominal closure (TAC) in the open abdomen as a way to modulate the local and systemic inflammatory response, with an emphasis on decompression after abdominal compartment(More)
BACKGROUND Acute intestinal edema adversely affects intestinal transit, permeability, and contractility. Current resuscitation modalities, while effective, are associated with development of acute intestinal edema. Knowledge of levels of tissue edema would allow clinicians to monitor intestinal tissue water and may help prevent the detrimental effects of(More)
BACKGROUND We have shown that both intraischemic hypothermia and hypertonic saline resuscitation provide dramatic protection against gut ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury that is in part mediated by heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). We therefore hypothesized that induction of HO-1 by hemin would lessen damage and improve function after gut I/R. MATERIALS AND(More)
Mesenteric ischemia/reperfusion (IR) damages the gastrointestinal epithelia and impairs gut function. Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) has been shown to protect organs against IR injury. We hypothesized that IPC protects the gut from IR injury. Rats were randomized to a sham group, a sham early IPC + IR group (sham IPC + SMA occlusion for 30 min and 6 h of(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 has been identified as an important mediator elaborated during ischemia/reperfusion, with pro- and anti-inflammatory properties having been reported. As the role of COX-2 in the small intestine remains unclear, we hypothesized that COX-2 expression would mediate mesenteric ischemia/reperfusion-induced gut injury, inflammation, and(More)