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OBJECT The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between cerebral autoregulation, intracranial pressure (ICP), arterial blood pressure (ABP), and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) after head injury by using transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography. METHODS Using ICP monitoring and TCD ultrasonography, the authors previously investigated(More)
OBJECT Plateau waves of intracranial pressure (ICP) are often recorded during intensive care monitoring of severely head injured patients. They are traditionally interpreted as meaningful secondary brain insults because of the dramatic decrease in cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). The aim of this study was to investigate both the hemodynamic profile and(More)
OBJECT The aim of the study was to assess how cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure-volume compensation depends on cerebrovascular tone. METHODS In 26 New Zealand White rabbits, intracranial pressure (ICP), arterial blood pressure, and basilar artery blood flow velocity were measured continuously. Saline was infused into the cranial subarachnoid space to(More)
OBJECTIVES Cerebral haemodynamic responses to short and longlasting episodes of decreased cerebral perfusion pressure contain information about the state of autoregulation of cerebral blood flow. Mathematical simulation may help to elucidate which of the indices, that can be derived using transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and trends of intracranial(More)
OBJECTIVE Cerebral critical closing pressure (CCP) has been defined as an arterial pressure threshold below which arterial vessels collapse. Hypothetically this is equal to intracranial pressure (ICP) plus the contribution from the active tone of cerebral arterial smooth muscle. The correlation of CCP with ICP, cerebral autoregulation, and other clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE Cerebrovascular vasomotor reactivity reflects changes in smooth muscle tone in the arterial wall in response to changes in transmural pressure or concentration of carbon dioxide in blood. We have investigated whether slow waves in ABP and ICP may be used to derive an index which reflects reactivity of vessels to changes in arterial blood pressure.(More)
The authors have investigated the relationships between the amplitude of the ICP pulse wave, the mean values of ICP and CPP, and the outcome of 56 head injured ventilated patients. The ICP was monitored continuously using a Camino transducer (35 patients) or subdural catheter (21 patients). The mean Glasgow Coma Score was 6 (range 3-13; 5 patients had a GCS(More)
OBJECTIVES Disturbed cerebral autoregulation is believed to be associated with an unfavourable outcome following head injury. Previously, using ICP monitoring and transcranial Doppler ultrasonography, we investigated whether cerebral response to spontaneous variations in arterial pressure (ABP) or cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) provide reliable(More)
OBJECTIVE The direct calculation of cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) as the difference between mean arterial pressure and intracranial pressure (ICP) produces a number which does not always adequately describe conditions for brain perfusion. A non-invasive method of CPP measurement has previously been reported based on waveform analysis of blood flow(More)
OBJECTIVE We have employed bedside multimodality methods to assess the influence of a slow (20 min) bolus of hypertonic mannitol on cerebral hemodynamics in comatose patients with head injuries. METHODS Middle cerebral artery flow velocities (FV) and cortical microcirculatory flows were measured in comatose patients with head injuries after the(More)