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OBJECT The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between cerebral autoregulation, intracranial pressure (ICP), arterial blood pressure (ABP), and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) after head injury by using transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography. METHODS Using ICP monitoring and TCD ultrasonography, the authors previously investigated(More)
OBJECT Plateau waves of intracranial pressure (ICP) are often recorded during intensive care monitoring of severely head injured patients. They are traditionally interpreted as meaningful secondary brain insults because of the dramatic decrease in cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). The aim of this study was to investigate both the hemodynamic profile and(More)
The authors have investigated the relationships between the amplitude of the ICP pulse wave, the mean values of ICP and CPP, and the outcome of 56 head injured ventilated patients. The ICP was monitored continuously using a Camino transducer (35 patients) or subdural catheter (21 patients). The mean Glasgow Coma Score was 6 (range 3–13; 5 patients had a GCS(More)
A mathematical model of cerebral blood flow and the cerebrospinal fluid circulation is described which permits the study of phenomena caused by dynamic changes in cerebrovascular autoregulatory or cerebrospinal fluid compensatory reserves. A transient decrease in cerebral perfusion pressure was produced by carotid artery compression. Comparison of the(More)
OBJECT The aim of the study was to assess how cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure-volume compensation depends on cerebrovascular tone. METHODS In 26 New Zealand White rabbits, intracranial pressure (ICP), arterial blood pressure, and basilar artery blood flow velocity were measured continuously. Saline was infused into the cranial subarachnoid space to(More)
OBJECTIVE The direct calculation of cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) as the difference between mean arterial pressure and intracranial pressure (ICP) produces a number which does not always adequately describe conditions for brain perfusion. A non-invasive method of CPP measurement has previously been reported based on waveform analysis of blood flow(More)
ICM software was developed in 1986 in Warsaw, Poland and has been in use at the University of Cambridge Neurocritical Care Unit for 10 years collecting data from bed-side monitors in nearly 600 severely head injured patients and calculating secondary indices describing cerebral autoregulation and pressure-volume compensation. The new software ICM+ includes(More)
OBJECTIVES Cerebral haemodynamic responses to short and longlasting episodes of decreased cerebral perfusion pressure contain information about the state of autoregulation of cerebral blood flow. Mathematical simulation may help to elucidate which of the indices, that can be derived using transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and trends of intracranial(More)
¶Objectives. Patients with carotid artery stenotic disease and poor cerebral haemodynamic reserve are in increased risk of stroke. Haemodynamic reserve can be estimated by measuring cerebrovascular reactivity induced by breathing CO2 and pressure-autoregulation by analyzing spontaneous slow fluctuation in arterial pressure and MCA blood flow velocity. We(More)
UNLABELLED Using transcranial Doppler ultrasonography, we investigated the moving correlation between slow waves in arterial blood pressure (ABP) and blood flow velocity (FV) at different levels of cerebrovascular vasodilation provoked by changing PETCO2. Fourteen healthy volunteers were examined. The FV in middle cerebral arteries, PETCO2, and ABP were(More)