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Four monoclonal antibodies against carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) have been selected from 32 hybrids that produce antibodies against this antigen, by the criteria of high affinity for CEA and low cross-reactivity with granulocyte glycoprotein(s). The specificity of tumor localization in vivo of the four MAb, and their F(ab')2 and Fab fragments was compared(More)
Hybridoma cells were derived from a fusion between mouse P3x63/Ag8 myeloma cells and spleen cells from a mouse immunized with whole cells of a human malignant glioma line. Of 345 hybrids obtained, 36 secreted antibodies that reacted with the glioma cell line used for immunization as assayed by an indirect antibody-binding radioimmunoassay. After a first(More)
Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) were obtained from 22 humans with solid tumors. In three cases only, one colon and two lung carcinomas, TIL which contained from 3 to 10% of T cells expressing the interleukin 2 receptor (IL 2R) were obtained, and these proliferated in the presence of exogenous IL 2. In most TIL preparations, however, the T lymphocytes(More)
Hybridoma cells have been derived from a fusion between mouse myeloma cells (P3-NSI/1Ag4) and spleen cells from a mouse immunized with membrane-enriched fractions from the human melanoma cell line Me-43. Of the 26 hybrids obtained, seven secreted antibodies which reacted with the melanoma cell line used for immunoassay. The specificity of the antibodies(More)
The administration of radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies to improve the treatment of malignant gliomas is dependent upon achieving effective tumor radiation dose while sparing normal tissues. We have evaluated the efficacy of 131I-labeled F(ab')2 fragment of monoclonal antibody Mel-14, an IgG2a reactive with the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan antigen of(More)
Paul Ehrlich's inspired concept of 'magic bullets' for the cure of diseases has been revitalized by recent advances in immunology(1). In particular, the development of cell fusion technology allowing the production of monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) with exquisite specificities(2) triggered new hopes that we may now have the perfect carrier molecules with(More)
Human genes MAGE-1 and MAGE-3 code for antigens that are recognized on melanoma cells by autologous cytolytic T lymphocytes. These antigens may constitute useful targets for specific anti-tumor immunization of cancer patients, since genes MAGE-1 and MAGE-3 are expressed in a number of tumors of different histological types, but are not expressed in normal(More)
Spleen cells from mice immunized with purified carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), an important tumor marker of human carcinomas, were fused with the mouse myeloma cell line P3-NSI/1-Ag4. Out of the 400 hybrids obtained, 2 secreted antibodies reacting specifically with two different antigenic determinants present on CEA molecules. They were cloned and(More)
Purified, [131I]-labeled goat antibodies against carcinoembryonic antigen, which have been shown to localize in human carcinoma in nude mice, were injected into 27 patients with carcinoma. Patients were scanned with a scintillation camera at various intervals. In 11 patients, radioactivity was detectable in the tumor 48 hours after injection. Computerized(More)