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Primary hypomagnesemia constitutes a rare heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by renal or intestinal magnesium (Mg(2+)) wasting resulting in generally shared symptoms of Mg(2+) depletion, such as tetany and generalized convulsions, and often including associated disturbances in calcium excretion. However, most of the genes involved in the(More)
In recent years, the transient receptor potential melastatin member 8 (TRPM8) channel has emerged as a promising prognostic marker and putative therapeutic target in prostate cancer (PCa). However, the mechanisms of prostate-specific regulation and functional evolution of TRPM8 during PCa progression remain unclear. Here we show, for the first time to our(More)
TRPM8 (melastatine-related transient receptor potential member 8), a member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily of cation channels, has been shown to be a calcium-channel protein. TRPM8 mRNA has also been shown to be overexpressed in prostate cancer and is considered to play an important role in prostate physiology. This study was designed(More)
Prostate smooth muscle cells predominantly express alpha1-adrenoceptors (alpha1-AR). alpha1-AR antagonists induce prostate smooth muscle relaxation and therefore they are useful therapeutic compounds for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia symptoms. However, the Ca(2+) entry pathways associated with the activation of alpha1-AR in the prostate have(More)
Recent cloning of a cold/menthol-sensitive TRPM8 channel (transient receptor potential melastatine family member 8) from rodent sensory neurons has provided the molecular basis for the cold sensation. Surprisingly, the human orthologue of rodent TRPM8 also appears to be strongly expressed in the prostate and in the prostate cancer-derived epithelial cell(More)
The transient receptor potential vanilloid 5 (TRPV5) channel determines urinary Ca(2+) excretion, and is therefore critical for Ca(2+) homeostasis. Interestingly, mice lacking the serine protease tissue kallikrein (TK) exhibit robust hypercalciuria comparable to the Ca(2+) leak in TRPV5 knockout mice. Here, we delineated the molecular mechanism through(More)
Metabolic activation of the tetrahydro-thienopyridine antithrombotic prodrug, prasugrel, involves two steps: an esterase-dependent hydrolysis of its acetate function leading to thiolactone 6 and a cytochrome P450 (P450)-catalyzed oxidative cleavage of this thiolactone. This article shows that this second step involves the intermediate formation of a(More)
One major clinical problem with prostate cancer is the cells' ability to survive and proliferate upon androgen withdrawal. Because Ca2+ is central to growth control, understanding the mechanisms of Ca2+ homeostasis involved in prostate cancer cell proliferation is imperative for new therapeutic strategies. Here, we show that agonist-mediated stimulation of(More)
BACKGROUND The maintenance of the body's Mg(2+) balance is of great importance because of its involvement in numerous enzymatic systems and its intervention in neuromuscular excitability, protein synthesis, and nucleic acid stability. Recently, the transient receptor potential melastatin 6 (TRPM6) was identified as the gatekeeper of active Mg(2+) transport(More)
Recent identification of a mutation in the EGF gene that causes isolated recessive hypomagnesemia led to the finding that EGF increases the activity of the epithelial magnesium (Mg2+) channel transient receptor potential M6 (TRPM6). To investigate the molecular mechanism mediating this effect, we performed whole-cell patch-clamp recordings of TRPM6(More)