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X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP)-associated factor 1 (XAF1) is a putative tumor suppressor in which expression is significantly reduced in human cancer cell lines and primary tumors. The proapoptotic effects of XAF1 have been attributed to both caspase-dependent and -independent means. In particular, XAF1 reverses the anti-caspase activity of XIAP, a(More)
DNA damage, chromosomal abnormalities, oncogene activation, viral infection, substrate detachment and hypoxia can all trigger apoptosis in normal cells. However, cancer cells acquire mutations that allow them to survive these threats that are part and parcel of the transformation process or that may affect the growth and dissemination of the tumor.(More)
HSP27 is an ATP-independent chaperone that confers protection against apoptosis through various mechanisms, including a direct interaction with cytochrome c. Here we show that HSP27 overexpression in various cell types enhances the degradation of ubiquitinated proteins by the 26S proteasome in response to stressful stimuli, such as etoposide or tumor(More)
Caspases are cysteine proteases involved in apoptosis and cytokine maturation. In erythroblasts, keratinocytes, and lens epithelial cells undergoing differentiation, enucleation has been regarded as a caspase-mediated incomplete apoptotic process. Here, we show that several caspases are activated in human peripheral blood monocytes whose differentiation(More)
Proteins of the Bcl-2 family share one or several Bcl-2 homology (BH) regions and behave as pro- or anti-apoptotic proteins. Prosurvival members such as Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(L) are supposed to preserve mitochondrial outer membrane integrity, thus preventing the release of soluble apoptogenic molecules. Pro-apoptotic members include BH3-only proteins that act as(More)
The caspase inhibitor and RING finger-containing protein cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein 1 (c-IAP1) has been shown to be involved in both apoptosis inhibition and signaling by members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor family. The protein is regulated transcriptionally (eg, is a target for nuclear factor-kappaB [NF-kappaB]) and can be(More)
The cellular inhibitor of apoptosis 1 and 2 (cIAP1 and cIAP2) proteins have been implicated in the activation of NF-kappaB by TNFalpha; however, genetic deletion of either cIAP1 or 2 did not support a physiologically relevant role, perhaps because of functional redundancy. To address this, we used combined genetic and siRNA knockdown approaches and report(More)
The inhibitor of apoptosis protein cIAP1 (cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein-1) is a potent regulator of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor family and NF-κB signaling pathways in the cytoplasm. However, in some primary cells and tumor cell lines, cIAP1 is expressed in the nucleus, and its nuclear function remains poorly understood. Here, we show(More)
Exposure of U937 human leukemic cells to the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) induces their differentiation into monocyte/macrophage-like cells. This terminal differentiation is associated with a resistant phenotype to apoptosis induced by the topoisomerase II inhibitor etoposide. The inhibition occurs upstream of the mitochondrial(More)
PURPOSE The present study was designed to determine whether the nuclear or cytoplasmic expression of survivin, was related to clinicopathological parameters and survival in sporadic colon carcinomas. METHODS Western blotting of cell fractions and immunocytochemical methodology were used in five human colon cancer cell lines. Immunohistochemical study was(More)