Stéphanie Lhomond

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ATF6α, a membrane-anchored transcription factor from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) that modulates the cellular response to stress as an effector of the unfolded-protein response (UPR), is a key player in the development of tumors of different origin. ATF6α activation has been linked to oncogenic transformation and tumor maintenance; however, the(More)
Growing evidence supports a role for the unfolded protein response (UPR) in carcinogenesis; however, the precise molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain elusive. Herein, we identified the circadian clock PER1 mRNA as a novel substrate of the endoribonuclease activity of the UPR sensor IRE1α. Analysis of the mechanism shows that IRE1α(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an organelle specialized for the folding and assembly of secretory and transmembrane proteins. ER homeostasis is often perturbed in tumor cells because of dramatic changes in the microenvironment of solid tumors, thereby leading to the activation of an adaptive mechanism named the unfolded protein response (UPR). The(More)
IRE1α is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident transmembrane signaling protein and a cellular stress sensor. The protein harbors a cytosolic dual kinase/endoribonuclease activity required for adaptive responses to micro-environmental changes. In an orthotopic xenograft model of human glioma, invalidation of IRE1α RNase or/and kinase activities generated(More)
The unfolded protein response (UPR) was originally identified as a signaling network coordinating adaptive and apoptotic responses to accumulation of unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). More recent work has shown that UPR signaling can be triggered by a multitude of cellular events and that the UPR plays a critical role in the prevention of(More)
Growing evidence supports a role for the unfolded protein response (UPR) in carcinogenesis; however, the precise molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain elusive. Herein, we identified the circadian clock PER1 mRNA as a novel substrate of the endoribonuclease activity of the UPR sensor IRE1a. Analysis of the mechanism shows that IRE1a(More)
The unfolded protein response (UPR) is an integrated, adaptive biochemical process that is inextricably linked with cell homeostasis and paramount to maintenance of normal physiological function. Prolonged accumulation of improperly folded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) leads to stress. This is the driving stimulus behind the UPR. As such,(More)
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