Stéphanie Lehoux

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Hypertensive heart disease (HHD) occurs in patients that clinically have both diastolic and systolic heart failure and will soon become the most common cause of heart failure. Two key aspects of heart failure secondary to HHD are the relatively highly prevalent LV hypertrophy and cardiac fibrosis, caused by changes in the local and systemic neurohormonal(More)
Chronic alterations in blood flow elicit an adaptive response that tends to normalize shear stress, involving nitric oxide (NO) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). To evaluate the role of NADPH oxidase in this process, we developed a new model of mouse arteriovenous fistula (AVF) connecting the right common carotid artery (RCCA) with the jugular vein,(More)
Tears in the internal elastic lamina (IEL) can be observed after chronic increases in arterial blood flow, suggesting a potential role for matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in flow-induced vascular remodeling. We undertook to study this phenomenon by constructing an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) between the left common carotid artery (CCA) and the external(More)
Blood vessels are permanently exposed to stretch and shear stress due to blood pressure and blood flow. Significant variations in the mechanical environment, of physiological or pathophysiological nature, occur in vivo. These trigger acute changes in vessel diameter that tend to restore basal levels of tensile and shear stress. However, when altered(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE Membrane-shed submicron microparticles (MPs) released following cell activation or apoptosis accumulate in atherosclerotic plaques, where they stimulate endothelial proliferation and neovessel formation. The aim of the study was to assess whether or not MPs isolated from human atherosclerotic plaques contribute to increased(More)
OBJECTIVE Coronary artery disease (CAD), including myocardial infarction (MI), is the main cause of death in the world. Genome-wide association studies have identified dozens of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with CAD/MI. One of the most robust CAD/MI genetic associations is with intronic SNPs in the gene PHACTR1 on chromosome 6p24. How(More)
Blood vessels are permanently subjected to mechanical forces in the form of stretch, encompassing cyclic mechanical strain due to the pulsatile nature of blood flow, and shear stress. Alterations in stretch or shear stress invariably produce transformations in the vessel wall that will aim to accommodate the new conditions and to ultimately restore basal(More)
Na(+)/H(+) exchanger isoform-1 (NHE1), the ubiquitous form of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger, has increased activity in hypertensive patients and in animal models of hypertension. Furthermore, NHE1 is activated in cells stimulated with growth factors. We showed previously that activation of the exchanger is dependent on phosphorylation of serine 703 (Ser(P)(703))(More)
RATIONALE Endothelial activation and apoptosis release membrane-shed microparticles (EMP) that emerge as important biological effectors. OBJECTIVE Because laminar shear stress (SS) is a major physiological regulator of endothelial survival, we tested the hypothesis that SS regulates EMP release. METHODS AND RESULTS EMP levels were quantified by flow(More)