Stéphanie Lehoux

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Most acute coronary events occur in the upstream region of stenotic atherosclerotic plaques that experience laminar shear stress (LSS) elevated above normal physiological levels. Many studies have described the atheroprotective effect on endothelial behavior of normal physiological LSS (approximately 15 dynes/cm(2)) compared to static or oscillatory shear(More)
OBJECTIVE Intimal smooth muscle cell proliferation is an early feature of atherosclerosis. Its progression is difficult to monitor in humans and previous studies have mostly relied on necropsy material. The aim of this study was therefore to establish whether intimal proliferation occurred in an organ culture of human internal mammary artery. METHODS(More)
Arteriovenous differentiation is a key event during vascular development and hemodynamic forces play an important role. Arteriovenous gene expression is present before the onset of flow, however it remains plastic and flow can alter arteriovenous identity. Notch signaling is especially important in the genetic determination of arteriovenous identity.(More)
Epidemiological studies have shown that arsenic exposure increases atherosclerosis, but the mechanisms underlying this relationship are unknown. Monocytes, macrophages and platelets play an important role in the initiation of atherosclerosis. Circulating monocytes and macrophages bind to the activated vascular endothelium and migrate into the(More)
Coronary restenosis, a major complication of percutaneous balloon angioplasty, results from neointimal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). The sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase isoform 2a (SERCA2a), specific to contractile VSMCs, has been reported previously to be involved in the control of the Ca 2+-signaling pathways governing(More)
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