Stéphanie Lamarche

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PROBLEM This study was conducted to determine whether (1) conditioned media from unstimulated primary cultures of human amnion, chorion, or decidua contain detectable concentrations of IL-1ra in vitro, and (2) bacterial endotoxin (LPS), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), or IL-1-beta (IL-1 beta) stimulate amnion, chorion, or decidua to produce(More)
In this brief review, it is proposed that some Ca2+-dependent processes are induced upon subjecting cells to hyperthermic temperature, and play an essential role in the final cell responses. The triggering signal does not involve external Ca2+. Instead, it is most likely to be generated by a redistribution of Ca2+ between the internal pools. A role for(More)
The effects of interleukin-4 (IL-4) on amnion prostaglandin (PG) production have been determined. Human amnion cells from term placentae were grown to confluence and incubated with IL-4 either alone or with various concentrations of epidermal growth factor (EGF) of ionomycin. PGE2 production was determined using a specific radioimmunoassay. IL-4 alone(More)
Endothelins (ETs) are a recently discovered family of small proteins that have potent long-lasting vasoconstrictive activities. Increased circulating concentrations of ETs have been found in hypertensive and renal disorders, including pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). PIH has been postulated to be the end result of endothelial cell damage and aberrant(More)
Rat hepatoma cells become refractory to the induction of heat shock proteins and highly resistant to severe hyperthermia when incubated in Ca2+-free medium. The Ca2+-depleted cells synthesize polypeptides identified as the glucose-regulated proteins, but these proteins do not appear to be directly involved in the inhibition of the heat shock response. The(More)
The onset of preterm labor requires increased intrauterine prostaglandin production. Intrauterine infections are frequently associated with preterm labor and increased cytokine production. The cytokine interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a potent T-cell growth factor necessary for effective cell-mediated immunity. In this study we evaluated the effect IL-2 has on(More)
OBJECTIVE We determined the effects of interleukin-4 on chorion and decidual prostaglandin production. STUDY DESIGN Chorion and decidual cells from term placentas were grown to confluence. Cells were then incubated with interleukin-4 either alone or with other known stimulants of prostaglandin production: interleukin-1 beta, epidermal growth factor,(More)
Activation of protein kinase C with phorbol esters stimulates prostaglandin (PG) biosynthesis in many cell types whereas down-regulation of protein kinase C can suppress stimulatory responses. Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) can stimulate PG production by intrauterine tissues and may play a significant part in the mechanisms of preterm labor associated with(More)
Activation of the enzyme adenylate cyclase or treatment with dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP) stimulates prostaglandin biosynthesis in vitro and in vivo. Prior activation of adenylate cyclase has been shown to inhibit the stimulation of amnion cell prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) biosynthesis by substances such as epidermal growth factor (EGF) and phorbol 12-myristate(More)
A relative decrease in endothelial cell prostacyclin production may be pivotal in the genesis of preeclampsia. We determined the effect of sera from preeclamptic women on prostacyclin production by monolayers of normal term human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Endothelial cells were incubated with media containing serum from patients with preeclampsia,(More)