Stéphanie Eyquem

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In eukaryotes, 21- to 24-nucleotide-long RNAs engage in sequence-specific interactions that inhibit gene expression by RNA silencing. This process has regulatory roles involving microRNAs and, in plants and insects, it also forms the basis of a defense mechanism directed by small interfering RNAs that derive from replicative or integrated viral genomes. We(More)
The pre-T cell receptor (TCR) functions as a critical checkpoint during alphabeta T cell development. Signaling through the pre-TCR controls the differentiation of immature CD4(-)CD8(-)CD25(+)CD44(-) [double-negative (DN)3] thymocytes into CD4(+)CD8(+) double-positive (DP) cells through the CD4(-)CD8(-)CD25(-)CD44(-)(DN4) stage. In addition, pre-TCR(More)
The Ets-1 transcription factor is essential for normal development of the natural killer and T cell lineages; however, its role in B cell development remains poorly understood. To address this issue, we used gene targeting to inactivate Ets-1 in mice (Ets-1(-/-)). We show here that the development of B cell precursors, particularly steps requiring pre-B(More)
In the thymus, T cell development proceeds by successive steps of differentiation, expansion, and selection. Control of thymocyte proliferation is critical to insure the full function of the immune system and to prevent T cells from transformation. Deletion of the cell cycle inhibitor p16(INK4a) is frequently observed in human T cell neoplasias and, in(More)
Despite a common lymphoid recombinase, assembly of Ig genes is restricted to B cells, whereas TCR loci rearrange in T cells. Transcriptional promoters and enhancers are critical for the regulation of the recombination process. However, the specific function of such elements in conferring the lineage-restriction of V(D)J recombination remains poorly(More)
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