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A number of gender differences exist in the human electrocardiogram (ECG): the P-wave and P-R intervals are slightly longer in men than in women, whilst women have higher resting heart rates than do men, but a longer rate-corrected QT (QT(C)) interval. Women with the LQT1 and LQT2 variants of congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS) are at greater risk of adverse(More)
BACKGROUND Although arterial hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy are considered good epidemiological indicators of the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients, the link between elevated afterload and AF remains unclear. We investigated atrial remodeling and the substrate for arrhythmia in a surgical model of elevated afterload in rats. (More)
Although hypertension is the most prevalent risk factor for atrial fibrillation, there is currently no information available from animal models of hypertension regarding the development of atrial remodeling or increased susceptibility to atrial tachyarrhythmia. Therefore, we examined the susceptibility to atrial tachyarrhythmia and the development of atrial(More)
The atrioventricular node (AVN) is a key component of the cardiac pacemaker-conduction system. This study investigated the electrophysiology of cells isolated from the AVN region of adult mouse hearts, and compared murine ionic current magnitude with that of cells from the more extensively studied rabbit AVN. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings of ionic(More)
The role in the heart of the cardiac isoform of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), which underlies a protein kinase A-dependent Cl(-) current (I(Cl.PKA)) in cardiomyocytes, remains unclear. The identification of a CFTR-selective inhibitor would provide an important tool for the investigation of the contribution of CFTR to(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that steady-state K(+) currents modulate excitability and action potential duration, particularly in cardiac cell types with relatively abbreviated action potential plateau phases. Despite representing potential drug targets, at present these currents and their modulation are comparatively poorly characterized. Therefore, we(More)
BACKGROUND The atrioventricular node (AVN) is a key component of the cardiac pacemaker-conduction system. Although it is known that receptors for the peptide hormone endothelin-1 (ET-1) are expressed in the AVN, there is very little information available on the modulatory effects of ET-1 on AVN electrophysiology. This study characterises for the first time(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac ATP-sensitive K(+) channels have been suggested to contribute to the adaptive physiological response to metabolic challenge after β-adrenoceptor stimulation. However, an increased atrial K(+)-conductance might be expected to be proarrhythmic. We investigated the effect of ATP-sensitive K(+) channel blockade on the electrophysiological(More)
Background inward sodium current (IB,Na) that influences cardiac pacemaking has been comparatively under-investigated. The aim of this study was to determine for the first time the properties and role of IB,Na in cells from the heart's secondary pacemaker, the atrioventricular node (AVN). Myocytes were isolated from the AVN of adult male rabbits and mice(More)
The atrioventricular node (AVN) is a vital component of the pacemaker-conduction system of the heart, co-ordinating conduction of electrical excitation from cardiac atria to ventricles and acting as a secondary pacemaker. The electrical behaviour of the AVN is modulated by vagal activity via activation of muscarinic potassium current, IKACh. However, it is(More)