Stéphanie Bricq

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In the frame of 3D medical imaging, accurate segmentation of multimodal brain MR images is of interest for many brain disorders. However, due to several factors such as noise, imaging artifacts, intrinsic tissue variation and partial volume effects, tissue classification remains a challenging task. In this paper, we present a unifying framework for(More)
In this paper, we present a new automatic robust algorithm to segment multimodal brain MR images with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) lesions. The method performs tissue classification using a Hidden Markov Chain (HMC) model and detects MS lesions as outliers to the model. For this aim, we use the Trimmed Likelihood Estimator (TLE) to extract outliers. Furthermore,(More)
In this paper, we present a new automatic robust algorithm to segment multimodal brain MR images with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) lesions. The method performs tissue classification using a Hidden Markov Chain (HMC) model and detects MS lesions as outliers to the model. For this aim, we use the Trimmed Likelihood Estimator (TLE) to extract outliers. Furthermore,(More)
Cutaneous blood flow (CBF) can be assessed non-invasively with lasers. Unfortunately, movement artefacts in the laser skin signal (LS(sk)) might sometimes compromise the interpretation of the data. To date, no method is available to remove movement artefacts point-by-point. Using a laser speckle contrast imager, we simultaneously recorded LS(sk) and the(More)
In this paper, we present a new Markovian scheme for MRI segmentation using a priori knowledge obtained from probability maps. Indeed we propose to use both triplet Markov chain and a brain atlas containing prior expectations about the spatial localization of the different tissue classes, to segment the brain in gray matter, white matter and cerebro-spinal(More)
This paper proposes a new method to detect multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions on 3D multimodal brain MR images. MS lesions are detected as voxels that are not well explained by a statistical model for normal brain images. These outliers are extracted using the trimmed likelihood estimator (TLE). Spatial regularization is performed using a hidden Markov chain(More)
For blood perfusion monitoring, laser speckle contrast (LSC) imaging is a recent non-contact technique that has the characteristic of delivering noise-like speckled images. To exploit LSC images for quantitative physiological measurements, we developed an approach that implements controlled spatial averaging to reduce the detrimental impact of the noise and(More)
In this paper, we present a robust method to estimate parameters of hidden Markov chains (HMC) in order to segment brain MR images. Indeed, parameter estimation can be very sensitive to the presence of outliers in the data. We propose to use the trimmed likelihood estimator (TLE) to extract such outliers and to accurately estimate the parameters of(More)
Multiscale entropy (MSE) analysis allows quantifying the complexity of time series over multiple time scales. MSE can be useful to identify impaired cardiovascular control. Therefore, to better understand the regulatory mechanisms of the peripheral cardiovascular system, we have processed digital blood pressure (BP) and laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) signals(More)