Stéphanie Bot

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Neonates and infants display an intrinsic disability to mount protective immune responses to influenza viruses or conventional influenza vaccines. We investigated the ability of naked DNA to prime protective immune responses by inoculating newborn and adult mice with a plasmid (pHA) expressing hemagglutinin (HA) from the neurovirulent strain A/WSN/33 of(More)
We had previously shown that a genetically engineered Ig expressing an immunodominant CD4+ T epitope corresponding to the 110-120 amino acids of influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA), activated T cells more efficiently than the synthetic peptide. Taking advantage of a T cell hybridoma specific for HA 110-120 and transfected with a reporter gene under the IL-2(More)
A contiguously linked T-B synthetic viral epitope (110HA120-150HA159,T-B) was investigated for its potency in inducing humoral and cellular immune responses in vivo. The T-cell epitope 110HA120 corresponds to the site 1 hemagglutinin (HA) of the A/PR/8/34 (PR8) influenza virus and is recognized by CD4 T cells in association with I-Ed class II major(More)
The insulin B (InsB) chain bears major type 1 diabetes-associated epitopes of significance for disease in humans and nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice. Somatic expression of InsB chain initiated early in life by plasmid inoculation resulted in substantial protection of female NOD mice against disease. This was associated with a T2 shift in spleen, expansion of(More)
During secondary immune responses to influenza virus, virus-specific T memory cells are a major source of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma). We assessed the contribution of IFN-gamma to heterologous protection against the A/WSN/33 (H1N1) virus of wild-type and IFN-gamma-/- mice previously immunized with the A/HK/68 (H3N2) virus. The IFN-gamma-/- mice displayed(More)
Mice transgenic for a TCR that recognizes peptide110-120 of hemagglutinin of PR8 influenza virus in the context of MHC class II I-Ed molecules express the transgenes in both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. We have found that these TCR-hemagglutinin (TCR-HA) transgenic mice display a significantly increased resistance to the primary infection with PR8 virus compared(More)
DNA immunization is a potential vaccination strategy for neonates and infants. We tested the ability of a prototype DNA vaccine against influenza virus to prime lasting immunity when administered to newborn non-human primates. Neonatal DNA vaccination triggered virus-specific and neutralizing antibodies of titers and persistence depending on the vaccine(More)
We investigated the role of different lymphocyte subpopulations in the host defense reaction against influenza virus infection, taking advantage of various immunodeficient mouse strains. Whereas, following immunization, wild-type animals showed complete protection against challenge with a lethal dose of A/PR8/34 (PR8) virus, mice that lack both B and T(More)
Previous studies showed that DNA immunization of newborn mice with plasmids expressing influenza virus antigens induced protective immunity. We have now extended the study of neonatal responsiveness to DNA vaccines to nonhuman primates. Baboons immunized as neonates with plasmids expressing type A influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) and nucleoprotein (NP) in(More)
Effective immunization of neonates is an important goal for vaccinology. We show that inoculation of newborn mice with a mixture of plasmids expressing influenza hemagglutinin (HA) and nucleoprotein (NP) genes leads to an enhanced protection subsequent to the lethal challenge with two distinct strains. In sharp contrast, neonatal injection with(More)