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The aim of this study was to analyse the correlates of reduced bone mineral density in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), with special regard to a possible protective role of hypercapnia. One hundred and four consecutive COPD inpatients in stabilized respiratory conditions underwent a comprehensive assessment of their health status.(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To assess whether posture-related changes of diffusing capacity could be considered as an early sensitive marker of pulmonary abnormalities in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and whether the postural variations of pulmonary capillary blood volume (Vc) could reflect the lung capillary damage that characterizes the(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic cor pulmonale (CCP) is a strong predictor of death in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aims of this study were to assess the prognostic role of individual ECG signs of CCP and of the interaction between these signs and abnormal arterial blood gases. METHODS AND RESULTS Two hundred sixty-three patients (217 men) with(More)
This study aimed to assess the prevalence of asthma and atopy in the Italian athletes who were trying for a position on the Italian Olympic team for the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games. Overall, 1060 athletes (mean age 24 years, range 15 - 69 years, 729 males) were recruited and divided into three groups of sport activities: 1) anaerobic, 2) aerobic-anaerobic, 3)(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of preoperative spirometric and arterial gas data on severe pulmonary complications (PC) after elective abdominal surgery. We retrospectively studied 480 patients, 254 males and 226 females, mean (SD) age 63 (11) years, at risk for PC according to standardized criteria, who underwent laparotomy for(More)
To the Editor: In pulmonary disease, right ventricular dysfunction has an important bearing on prognosis. 1 Incalzi et al 2 recently demonstrated the prognostic implications of electrocardiographic signs of chronic cor pulmonale in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Two electrocardiographic features in particular , an S 1 S 2 S 3 pattern(More)
We retrospectively evaluated the incidence of side effects and treatment intervention according to indinavir trough concentration in 63 patients taking indinavir-ritonavir 800/100 mg twice daily. Median indinavir trough concentration was 1446 ng/mL at 800/100 mg twice daily associated with 60% of measured toxicity. Among patients with indinavir trough(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether risk factors associated with cardiovascular or respiratory diseases and lung cancer occur differently among nonsmoking women in Italy with and without exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) from husbands that smoke. We performed a cross-sectional study of 1,938 nonsmoking women in four areas of Italy.(More)
Foreign body ingestion is a rare occurrence, but quite more frequent in children; adults with mental disorders, bulimia, and dentition alterations; and prison inmates. Most foreign bodies pass spontaneously through the first digestive tract and can move along the entire alimentary canal without giving rise to any major damage. On the contrary, when foreign(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess to which extent exacerbated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains unrecognized in the emergency department, which factors account for misdiagnosis and which are the effects of misdiagnosis on patient's management. DESIGN Retrospective study and stratified random sampling method as selection criterion. SETTING(More)