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Biological oxidation of methane to methanol by aerobic bacteria is catalysed by two different enzymes, the cytoplasmic or soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO) and the membrane-bound or particulate methane monooxygenase (pMMO). Expression of MMOs is controlled by a 'copper-switch', i.e. sMMO is only expressed at very low copper : biomass ratios, while pMMO(More)
Knowledge of wetland bacterial communities in the context of pesticide contamination and hydrological regime is scarce. We investigated the bacterial composition in constructed wetlands receiving Mercantor Gold(®) contaminated water (960 g L(-1) of the herbicide S-metolachlor, >80% of the S-enantiomer) operated under continuous-flow or batch modes to(More)
BACKGROUND Methylotrophy describes the ability of organisms to grow on reduced organic compounds without carbon-carbon bonds. The genomes of two pink-pigmented facultative methylotrophic bacteria of the Alpha-proteobacterial genus Methylobacterium, the reference species Methylobacterium extorquens strain AM1 and the dichloromethane-degrading strain DM4,(More)
Dichloromethane (DCM) is efficiently utilized as a carbon and energy source by aerobic, Gram-negative, facultative methylotrophic bacteria. It also serves as a sole carbon and energy source for a nitrate-respiringHyphomicrobium sp. and for a strictly anaerobic co-culture of a DCM-fermenting bacterium and an acetogen. The first step of DCM utilization by(More)
Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b (for "oddball" strain 3b) is an obligate aerobic methane-oxidizing alphaproteobacterium that was originally isolated in 1970 by Roger Whittenbury and colleagues. This strain has since been used extensively to elucidate the structure and function of several key enzymes of methane oxidation, including both particulate and(More)
The denatured states of barnase that are induced by urea, acid, and high temperature and acid have been assigned and characterised by high resolution heteronuclear NMR. The assignment was completed using a combination of triple-resonance and magnetisation-transfer methods. The latter was facilitated by selecting a suitable mutant of barnase (Ile-->Val51)(More)
Pyrophosphate-dependent 6-phosphofructokinase (PPi-PFK) was obtained as His₆-tagged protein by cloning of the pfp gene from the aerobic obligate methanotroph Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum 20Z and characterized. The recombinant PPi-PFK (4×45 kDa) was highly active, non-allosteric and stringently specific to pyrophosphate as the phosphoryl donor. The enzyme(More)
High-fructose syrups (HFS) are now manufactured and used in many countries throughout the world. They are produced from a variety of starch raw materials including corn, rice, tapioca, wheat, cassava, and sugar beet pulp. Production of HFS is highly dependent on local sucrose and economics of agricultural raw materials. HFS is produced and consumed in the(More)
The importance of two buried salt bridges in barnase in the stability of its folded state, the major transition rate for unfolding, and a folding intermediate has been analyzed by protein engineering, kinetic, and thermodynamic studies. The aspartate residues in the bridges Arg69-Asp93 and Arg83-Asp75 were replaced by the isosteric analogue asparagine,(More)