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PURPOSE Three-dimensional (3D) volume determination is one of the most important problems in conformal radiation therapy. Techniques of volume determination from tomographic medical imaging are usually based on two-dimensional (2D) contour definition with the result dependent on the segmentation method used, as well as on the user's manual procedure. The(More)
Techniques of three-dimensional (3-D) volume delineation from tomographic medical imaging are usually based on 2-D contour definition. For a given structure, several different contours can be obtained depending on the segmentation method used or the user's choice. The goal of this work is to develop a new method that reduces the inaccuracies generally(More)
Stereotactic radiosurgery needs an accurate determination of the target volumes to be irradiated and of sensitive volumes to be spared: position, external boundaries, internal volume. These parameters can be obtained by using either projection imaging (radiographs, digital angiography), or tomographic imaging (magnetic resonance imaging, computerized(More)
Bronchoscopy and bronchial suctioning during intra-operative artificial ventilation often causes leakage from the ventilation circuit with a decrease in ventilatory parameters and possible workplace contamination with anaesthetic gases. Different connectors have been developed to reduce gas leakage. We evaluated the following connectors : VBM 2 mm, 3 mm and(More)
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