Stéphane Vial

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Techniques of three-dimensional (3-D) volume delineation from tomographic medical imaging are usually based on 2-D contour definition. For a given structure, several different contours can be obtained depending on the segmentation method used or the user's choice. The goal of this work is to develop a new method that reduces the inaccuracies generally(More)
PURPOSE Three-dimensional (3D) volume determination is one of the most important problems in conformal radiation therapy. Techniques of volume determination from tomographic medical imaging are usually based on two-dimensional (2D) contour definition with the result dependent on the segmentation method used, as well as on the user's manual procedure. The(More)
Bronchoscopy and bronchial suctioning during intra-operative artificial ventilation often causes leakage from the ventilation circuit with a decrease in ventilatory parameters and possible workplace contamination with anaesthetic gases. Different connectors have been developed to reduce gas leakage. We evaluated the following connectors : VBM 2 mm, 3 mm and(More)
Stereotactic radiosurgery needs an accurate determination of the target volumes to be irradiated and of sensitive volumes to be spared: position, external boundaries, internal volume. These parameters can be obtained by using either projection imaging (radiographs, digital angiography), or tomographic imaging (magnetic resonance imaging, computerized(More)
This paper suggests defining three criteria to differentiate design and non-design, using the concept of effect in a phenomenological perspective. The central concept of this article is the concept of “effect of design,” defined as a three-dimensional result that occurs through usage and turns it into an “experience-to-live.” The three dimensions of the(More)
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