Stéphane V. Sizonenko

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In the developing human brain, the cortical sulci formation is a complex process starting from 14 weeks of gestation onward. The potential influence of underlying mechanisms (genetic, epigenetic, mechanical or environmental) is still poorly understood, because reliable quantification in vivo of the early folding is lacking. In this study, we investigate the(More)
In the human brain, the morphology of cortical gyri and sulci is complex and variable among individuals, and it may reflect pathological functioning with specific abnormalities observed in certain developmental and neuropsychiatric disorders. Since cortical folding occurs early during brain development, these structural abnormalities might be present long(More)
Distinctive cerebral lesions with disruptions to the developing white matter are found in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Although hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is a causal pathway, the pathogenesis of cerebral white matter injury in the VLBW infant is not fully understood. Pertinent murine models would facilitate the investigation of the processes leading to(More)
During brain development, morphological changes modify the cortex from its immature radial organization to its mature laminar appearance. Applying in vivo diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), the microstructural organization of the cortex in the immature rat was analyzed and correlated to neurohistopathology. Significant differences in apparent diffusion(More)
Insulin growth factor 1 (IGF-1) has an important role in brain development and is strongly expressed during recovery after a hypoxic-ischemic injury. Some of its central actions could be mediated through the N-terminal tripeptide fragment of IGF-1: Gly-Pro-Glu (GPE). The neuroprotective properties of GPE given after a moderate injury in the developing rat(More)
* Quantification of short-echo time proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy results in >18 metabolite concentrations (neuro-chemical profile). Their quantification accuracy depends on the assessment of the contribution of macromolecule (MM) resonances, previously experimentally achieved by exploiting the several fold difference in T 1. To minimize effects of(More)
OBJECTIVE Perinatal inflammation is a major risk factor for neurological deficits in preterm infants. Several experimental studies have shown that systemic inflammation can alter the programming of the developing brain. However, these studies do not offer detailed pathophysiological mechanisms, and they rely on relatively severe infectious or inflammatory(More)
Neurogenesis is nearly completed after birth, whereas gliogenic activities remain intense during the postnatal period in the developing rat cortex. These include involution of radial glia, proliferation of astrocytes and oligodendrocytes and myelin formation. Little is known about the effects of hypoxic-ischemic (HI) injury on these critical postnatal(More)
The hippocampus is known to be vulnerable to hypoxia, stress, and undernutrition, all likely to be present in fetal intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). The effect of IUGR in preterm infants on the hippocampus was studied using 3D magnetic resonance imaging at term-equivalent age Thirteen preterm infants born with IUGR after placental insufficiency were(More)
OBJECTIVE Preterm infants exhibit chronic deficits in white matter (WM) and cortical maturation. Although fetal infection/inflammation may contribute to WM pathology, the factors contributing to cortical changes are largely unknown. We examined the effect of fetal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure on WM and cortical development as assessed by magnetic(More)