Stéphane V. Sizonenko

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During brain development, morphological changes modify the cortex from its immature radial organization to its mature laminar appearance. Applying in vivo diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), the microstructural organization of the cortex in the immature rat was analyzed and correlated to neurohistopathology. Significant differences in apparent diffusion(More)
OBJECTIVE Perinatal inflammation is a major risk factor for neurological deficits in preterm infants. Several experimental studies have shown that systemic inflammation can alter the programming of the developing brain. However, these studies do not offer detailed pathophysiological mechanisms, and they rely on relatively severe infectious or inflammatory(More)
Neurogenesis is nearly completed after birth, whereas gliogenic activities remain intense during the postnatal period in the developing rat cortex. These include involution of radial glia, proliferation of astrocytes and oligodendrocytes and myelin formation. Little is known about the effects of hypoxic-ischemic (HI) injury on these critical postnatal(More)
The present study evaluated the potential of using the phase of T2* weighted MR images to characterize myelination during brain development and pathology in rodents at 9.4 T. Phase contrast correlated with myelin content assessed by histology and suggests that most contrast between white and cortical gray matter is modulated by myelin. Ex vivo experiments(More)
Intrauterine infection and inflammation are major reasons for preterm birth. The switch from placenta-mediated to lung-mediated oxygen supply during birth is associated with a sudden rise of tissue oxygen tension that amounts to relative hyperoxia in preterm infants. Both infection/inflammation and hyperoxia have been shown to be involved in brain injury of(More)
In recent years, considerable research has focused on the biological effect of endocrine-disrupting chemicals. Bisphenol A (BPA) has been implicated as an endocrine-disrupting chemical (EDC) due to its ability to mimic the action of endogenous estrogenic hormones. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of perinatal exposure to BPA on cerebral(More)
Moderate focal brain hypoxic-ischemic (HI) injury in the immature P3 rat leads to loss of cortical volume and disruptions of cortical myelination. In this study, we characterized the time course and pattern of cellular degeneration, axonal disruption, astrogliosis, and microglia activation. After moderate transient unilateral hypoxia-ischemia, brains were(More)
Significant human brain growth occurs during the third trimester, with a doubling of whole brain volume and a fourfold increase of cortical gray matter volume. This is also the time period during which cortical folding and gyrification take place. Conditions such as intrauterine growth restriction, prematurity and cerebral white matter injury have been(More)
Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is the most important cause of brain injury in the newborn. Here we studied structural alterations and functional perturbations of developing large-scale sensorimotor cortical networks in a rat model of moderate HI at postnatal day 3 (P3). At the morphological level, HI led to a disorganized barrel pattern in the somatosensory(More)
There are now a number of evidences showing that the developing organism adapts to the environment it finds itself. Short- and long-term adjustments, referred as "programming", take place and will initially induce intrauterine growth retardation but will also have consequences that will appear later in life. The use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)(More)