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OBJECTIVE There is growing clinical and epidemiologic evidence that major mood disorders form a spectrum from major depressive disorder to pure mania. The authors examined the prevalence and clinical correlates of major depressive disorder with subthreshold bipolarity compared with pure major depressive disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey(More)
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a highly prevalent disorder with substantial heritability. Heritability has been shown to be substantial and higher in the variant of MDD characterized by recurrent episodes of depression. Genetic studies have thus far failed to identify clear and consistent evidence of genetic risk factors for MDD. We conducted a(More)
BACKGROUND The Psychiatric arm of the population-based CoLaus study (PsyCoLaus) is designed to: 1) establish the prevalence of threshold and subthreshold psychiatric syndromes in the 35 to 66 year-old population of the city of Lausanne (Switzerland); 2) test the validity of postulated definitions for subthreshold mood and anxiety syndromes; 3) determine the(More)
BACKGROUND Overweight and obesity are common concerns in individuals with severe mental disorders. In particular, antipsychotic drugs (AP) frequently induce weight gain. This phenomenon lacks current management and no previous controlled studies seem to use cognitive therapy to modify eating and weight-related cognitions. Moreover, none of these studies(More)
PURPOSE To assess (1) the lifetime prevalence of exposure both to trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); (2) the risk of PTSD by type of trauma; and (3) the determinants of the development of PTSD in the community. METHODS The Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies was administered to a random sample of an urban area (N = 3,691). RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND The number of medical studies performed through online surveys has increased dramatically in recent years. Despite their numerous advantages (eg, sample size, facilitated access to individuals presenting stigmatizing issues), selection bias may exist in online surveys. However, evidence on the representativeness of self-selected samples in online(More)
The aims of the present study were to: (1) assess agreement for diagnoses of specific anxiety disorders between direct interviews and the family history method; (2) compare prevalence estimates according to direct interviews and family history information; (3) test strategies to approximate prevalence estimates according to family history reports to those(More)
Diagnostic information on children is typically elicited from both children and their parents. The aims of the present paper were to: (1) compare prevalence estimates according to maternal reports, paternal reports and direct interviews of children [major depressive disorder (MDD), anxiety and attention-deficit and disruptive behavioural disorders]; (2)(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims of the present study were to assess the associations between mood, anxiety and substance use disorders, including their subtypes, and the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs). METHOD Thorough physical investigations, biological measures and standardized interview techniques were used to assess 3716 subjects of an urban(More)
AIM To assess the specific effect of alcohol dependence (AD) or heroin dependence (HD) in patients and their spouses on the risk of psychopathology in their 276 6.0- to 17.9- year-old children (mean 11.3 years). METHODS The sample included 101 offspring of patients with AD, 23 of patients with HD, and 152 of medical controls, as well as their 2 parents.(More)