Stéphane Potvin

Learn More
BACKGROUND Cytokines play an important role in infection and inflammation and are crucial mediators of the cross-talk between the brain and the immune system. Schizophrenia would be associated with an imbalance in inflammatory cytokines, leading to a decrease in Th1 and an increase in Th2 cytokine secretion. However, data published so far have been(More)
The cognitive repercussions of alcohol dependence are well documented. However, the literature remains somewhat ambiguous with respect to which distinct cognitive functions are more susceptible to impairment in alcoholism and to how duration of abstinence affects cognitive recovery. Some theories claim alcohol negatively affects specific cognitive(More)
OBJECTIVES Evidence-based medicine suggests that schizophrenia is associated with an inflammatory syndrome, but the extent to which this syndrome is normalized by antipsychotic treatment has yet to be determined. METHODS A systematic quantitative review of the effects of antipsychotics on peripheral cytokine levels in schizophrenia was performed, using(More)
The main goal of this project was to identify the presence of fibromyalgia (FM) subgroups using a simple and frequently used clinical tool, the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ). A total of 61 women diagnosed with FM participated in this study. FM subgroups were created by applying a hierarchical cluster analysis on selected items of the FIQ (pain,(More)
Diminished sensitivity to pain in schizophrenia has been reported since the early works of Bleuler [Bleuler E. Textbook of psychiatry (trans. Brill HA, 1951). New York: Dover Publications; 1911] and Kraepelin [Kraepelin E. Dementia praecox and paraphrenia. Edinburgh, Scotland: E and S Livingstone; 1919]. Over the last decade, experimental studies have(More)
Although a substance use disorder (SUD) is traditionally associated with psycho-bio-social impairments, recent investigations among persons with schizophrenia (Sz) generated divergent results. Certain persons with Sz+SUD might in fact present better social and cognitive functioning than persons with Sz without SUD. This meta-analysis was conducted to verify(More)
Although life prevalence of substance use disorders among patients with schizophrenia is close to 50%, few studies have been carried out to date to identify an integrated pharmacological treatment for this comorbidity. So far, the most promising results, that we report here, have been obtained with clozapine. To a lesser extent, quetiapine and olanzapine,(More)
Quetiapine is an effective atypical antipsychotic medication that was reported to reduce substance use and craving in patients with schizophrenia. This clinical effect of quetiapine is hypothesized to be due to its low affinity for dopamine receptors and its weak attenuation of central reward functions. The present study was designed to determine the(More)
OBJECTIVE Over the last decade, the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB), which comprises visuo-spatial tasks, has been utilized in cognitive studies of schizophrenia. A clear approach concerning the usage of CANTAB for the appraisal of neurocognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia is currently lacking. METHOD In this paper, we have(More)
BACKGROUND Pain is a dynamic phenomenon resulting from the activity of both excitatory (e.g. sensitization) and inhibitory endogenous modulation systems. Preliminary experimental studies have shown diminished pain sensitivity in schizophrenia patients. The objective of the study was to investigate the role of excitatory and inhibitory systems on pain(More)