Stéphane Nicolas Hatem

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OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to determine if myocytes can die by apoptosis in fibrillating and dilated human atria. BACKGROUND The cellular remodeling that occurs during atrial fibrillation (AF) may reflect a degree of dedifferentiation of the atrial myocardium, a process that may be reversible. METHODS We examined human right atrial(More)
Cardiac Ca2+ current (ICa) was shown to be regulated by cGMP in a number of different species. Recently, we found that the NO-donor SIN-1 (3-morpholino-sydnonimine) exerts a dual regulation of ICa in frog ventricular myocytes via an accumulation of cGMP. To examine whether NO also regulates Ca2+ channels in human heart, we investigated the effects of SIN-1(More)
1. Species differences in the activity of the exchanger were evaluated in isolated myocytes from rat, guinea-pig, hamster ventricles and human atria. Fluorescence measurements using fura-2 were carried out in conjunction with the whole-cell patch-clamp technique for simultaneous recording of membrane currents and intracellular Ca2+ concentration. 2. Ca2+(More)
OBJECTIVES Severe myocyte alterations, characterized by enlarged myocytes and myolysis, is observed in fibrillating and dilated atria and contributes to atrial fibrillation. The aim of this study was to determine the nature of this cellular remodeling process and factors involved in its regulation. METHODS In vivo, contractile proteins were studied in 24(More)
An efficient gene delivery system is a prerequisite for myocardial gene therapy. Among the various procedures studied so far, catheter-based percutaneous gene delivery to the myocardium through the coronary vessels seems the most relevant to routine clinical practice; however, the optimal conditions remain to be determined. We selectively infused adenoviral(More)
BACKGROUND No data on long-term outcomes of survivors of 2009 influenza A(H1N1) (A[H1N1])-associated ARDS are available. The objective of this study was to compare the 1-year outcomes of survivors of A(H1N1)-associated ARDS, according to use or no use of extracorporeal lung assist (ECLA), using its need as an ARDS severity surrogate. METHODS Survivors of(More)
The excitation-contraction coupling process of human atrial myocytes was studied in voltage-clamped myocytes isolated from right atrial appendages obtained during cardiac surgery. Intracellular Ca2+ transients (Cai transients) were monitored with 0.1 mmol/L indo 1 added to the internal dialyzing solution. Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) and sarcomeric(More)
Cardiac myocytes are characterized by distinct structural and functional entities involved in the generation and transmission of the action potential and the excitation-contraction coupling process. Key to their function is the specific organization of ion channels and transporters to and within distinct membrane domains, which supports the anisotropic(More)
Besides the well-documented effect of the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin on free radical generation, the exact signaling mechanisms by which it causes cardiac damage remain largely unknown and are of fundamental importance in understanding anthracycline cardiotoxicity. In this study, we describe that a 1 h treatment of isolated adult rat cardiac myocytes(More)
AIMS Recent studies have reported a relationship between the abundance of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and the risk of cardiovascular diseases including atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the underlying mechanisms are unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the secretome of human EAT on the histological properties of the myocardium.(More)