Stéphane Marchal

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In order to characterize Sterling's triiodothyronine (T3) mitochondrial receptor using photoaffinity labeling, we observed two specific T3-binding proteins in the inner membrane (28 kDa) and in the matrix (43 kDa) of rat liver mitochondria. Western blots and immunoprecipitation using antibodies raised against the T3-binding domain of the T3 nuclear receptor(More)
The NADP-dependent non-phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from Streptococcus mutans (abbreviated Sm-ALDH) belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) family. Its catalytic mechanism proceeds via two steps, acylation and deacylation. Its high catalytic efficiency at neutral pH implies prerequisites relative to the chemical mechanism.(More)
Oxygen binding to the oxygenase domain of reduced endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) results in two distinct species differing in their Soret and visible absorbance maxima and in their capacity to exchange oxygen by CO. At 7 degrees C, heme-oxy I (with maxima at 420 and 560 nm) is formed very rapidly (k(on) approximately 2.5.10(6) m(-1).s(-1)) in the(More)
In order to address the molecular basis of the specificity of aldehyde dehydrogenase for aldehyde substrates, enzymatic characterization of the glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (G3P) binding site of non-phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPN) from Streptococcus mutans has been undertaken. In this work, residues Arg-124, Tyr-170, Arg-301,(More)
Proteins were precipitated to ensure their stability upon subsequent encapsulation within PLGA microspheres. Spherical, nanosized protein particles were formed by the addition of a salt (sodium chloride) and a water-miscible organic solvent (glycofurol) to protein solutions. Various process parameters were modified to optimize the precipitation efficiency(More)
Nonphosphorylating glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPN) from Streptococcus mutans which catalyzes the irreversible oxidation of D-glyceraldehyde-3 phosphate (D-G3P) into 3-phosphoglycerate (3-PGA) in the presence of NADP belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) superfamily. Oxidation of D-G3P into 3-PGA by GAPN involves the formation of a(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative pathology characterized by the presence of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, accompanied by synaptic and neuronal loss. The major component of senile plaques is an amyloid β protein (Aβ) formed by pathological processing of the Aβ precursor protein. We assessed the time-course and regional effects of(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative pathology associated with aging characterized by the presence of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles that finally result in synaptic and neuronal loss. The major component of senile plaques is an amyloid-β protein (Aβ). Recently, we characterized the effects of a single intracerebroventricular (icv)(More)
Autocatalytic cleavage of lithostathine leads to the formation of quadruple-helical fibrils (QHF-litho) that are present in Alzheimer's disease. Here we show that such fibrils also occur in Creutzfeldt-Jakob and Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker diseases, where they form protease-K-resistant deposits and co-localize with amyloid plaques formed from prion(More)