Stéphane Méresse

Learn More
A method based on the Competitive Index was used to identify Salmonella typhimurium virulence gene interactions during systemic infections of mice. Analysis of mixed infections involving single and double mutant strains showed that OmpR, the type III secretion system of Salmonella pathogenicity island 2 (SPI-2) and SifA [required for the formation in(More)
Brucella abortus is an intracellular pathogen that replicates within a membrane-bounded compartment. In this study, we have examined the intracellular pathway of the virulent B. abortus strain 2308 (S2308) and the attenuated strain 19 (S19) in HeLa cells. At 10 min after inoculation, both bacterial strains are transiently detected in phagosomes(More)
Salmonella enterica causes a variety of diseases, including gastroenteritis and typhoid fever. The success of this pathogen depends on its capacity to proliferate within host cells in a membrane-bound compartment. We found that the Salmonella-containing vacuole recruited the plus-end-directed motor kinesin. Bacterial effector proteins translocated into the(More)
In epithelial cells, the intracellular pathogen Salmonella typhimurium resides and replicates within a unique cytoplasmic organelle, the Salmonella-containing vacuole (SCV). In vitro studies have shown that the SCV is a dynamic organelle that selectively acquires lysosomal glycoproteins (Igps) without fusing directly with lyosomes. Here, we have(More)
Rab GTPases belong to the Ras GTPase superfamily and are key regulators of membrane traffic. Among them, rab7 has been localized on late endosomes of NRK cells but its function remains unknown. In order to investigate its role, we generated stable HeLa cell lines that express either wild type or a GTPase-defective mutant of rab7 in an inducible manner. A(More)
To provide an "in vitro" system for studying brain capillary function, we have developed a process of coculture that closely mimics the "in vivo" situation by culturing brain capillary endothelial cells on one side of a filter and astrocytes on the other. Under these conditions, endothelial cells retain all the endothelial cell markers and the(More)
Following entry into non-phagocytic HeLa cells, the facultative pathogen Salmonella typhimurium survives and replicates within a membrane-bound vacuole. Preceding the initiation of intracellular replication there is a lag phase, during which the bacteria modulate their environment. This phase is characterized by the rapid recycling of early endosomal(More)
We have shown recently that one of the survival strategies used by Leishmania donovani promastigotes during the establishment of infection in macrophages consists in inhibiting phagosome-endosome fusion. This inhibition requires the expression of lipophosphoglycan (LPG), the predominant surface glycoconjugate of promastigotes, as parasites expressing(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Peyer's patches (PPs) of the small intestine are antigen sampling and inductive sites that help establish mucosal immunity. Luminal antigens are transported from the mucosal surface of PPs to the subepithelial dome (SED), through the specialized epithelial M cells of the follicle-associated epithelium. Among the SED resident dendritic(More)
The passage of substances across the blood-brain barrier is regulated by cerebral capillaries which possess certain distinctly different morphological and enzymatic properties compared to capillaries of other organs. Investigations of the functional characteristics of brain capillaries have been facilitated by the use of cultured brain endothelial cells,(More)