Stéphane Lezmi

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Since the appearance of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle and its linkage with the human variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, the possible spread of this agent to sheep flocks has been of concern as a potential new source of contamination. Molecular analysis of the protease cleavage of the abnormal prion protein (PrP), by Western blotting(More)
Nanomedicines (NMs) offer new solutions for cancer diagnosis and therapy. However, extension of progression-free interval and overall survival time achieved by Food and Drug Administration-approved NMs remain modest. To develop next generation NMs to achieve superior anticancer activities, it is crucial to investigate and understand the correlation between(More)
Metastases are responsible for 90 % of human cancer deaths. [1] Most solid tumors metastasize through the circulation system, and the sentinel lymph node (LN) is typically the first site reached by the disseminating malignant cancer cells. [2] The detection of LN metastases is therefore crucial for accurate tumor staging and therapeutic decision making. The(More)
BACKGROUND For prion diseases, even if a large body of evidence indicates that both the lymphoreticular system (LRS) and peripheral nerves are involved in scrapie neuroinvasion, the processes by which prions invade the central nervous system are only partially understood. METHODS Transgenic Tg(OvPrP4) mice, which express the ovine prion protein (PrP) gene(More)
To study the pathogenesis of bovine spongiform encephalopathy infection in small ruminants, two Lacaune sheep with the AA136RR154QQ171 and one with the AA136RR154RR171 genotype for the prion protein, were inoculated with a brain homogenate from a French cattle BSE case by peripheral routes. Sheep with the ARQ/ARQ genotype are considered as susceptible to(More)
In naturally and experimentally occurring scrapie in sheep, prions invade the immune system and replicate in lymphoid organs. Here we analysed immunohistochemically, in seven spleens of 6-month-old healthy sheep, the nature of the cells expressing prion protein (PrP) potentially supporting prion replication, as well as their relationship with autonomic(More)
In experimental as well as in natural scrapie, transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), the infectious agent, closely related to PrPsc, an abnormal isoform of the cellular prion protein, invades and replicates in lymphoid organs such as spleen before affecting the brain. To clarify the cellular requirements for the possible neuroinvasion of scrapie(More)
The piglet was investigated as a potential model for studying brain and cognitive deficits associated with being born small for gestational age (SGA). Naturally farrowed SGA (0.7-1.0 kg BW) and average for gestational age (AGA, 1.3-1.6 kg BW) piglets were obtained on postnatal day (PD) 2, placed in individual cages, and provided a nutritionally adequate(More)
Metastasis accounts for the majority of deaths from cancer. Although tumor microenvironment has been shown to have a significant impact on the initiation and/or promotion of metastasis, the mechanism remains elusive. We previously reported that HCT-8 colon cancer cells underwent a phenotypic transition from an adhesive epithelial type (E-cell) to a rounded(More)
In a recent paper written by Hilbe et al (BMC vet res, 2009), the nature and specificity of the prion protein deposition in the kidney of feline species affected with feline spongiform encephalopathy (FSE) were clearly considered doubtful. This article was brought to our attention because we published several years ago an immunodetection of abnormal prion(More)