Stéphane Lastère

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BACKGROUND Between October, 2013, and April, 2014, French Polynesia experienced the largest Zika virus outbreak ever described at that time. During the same period, an increase in Guillain-Barré syndrome was reported, suggesting a possible association between Zika virus and Guillain-Barré syndrome. We aimed to assess the role of Zika virus and dengue virus(More)
Zika fever, considered as an emerging disease of arboviral origin, because of its expanding geographic area, is known as a benign infection usually presenting as an influenza-like illness with cutaneous rash. So far, Zika virus infection has never led to hospitalisation. We describe the first case of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) occurring immediately after(More)
We detected an unusual increase in congenital cerebral malformations and dysfunction in fetuses and newborns in French Polynesia, following an epidemic of Zika virus (ZIKV), from October 2013 to March 2014. A retrospective review identified 19 cases, including eight with major brain lesions and severe microcephaly, six with severe cerebral lesions without(More)
During the recent chikungunya fever outbreak in French Polynesia in October 2014 to March 2015, we observed an abnormally high number of patients with neurological deficit. Clinical presentation and complementary exams were suggestive of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) for nine patients. All nine had a recent dengue-like syndrome and tested positive for(More)
We described the baseline polymorphism of the human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) protease gene from 94 treatment-naive patients and the longitudinal follow-up of 17 protease inhibitor-treated patients. Compared to the HIV-2 consensus sequences, baseline polymorphism involved 47 positions. Substitutions selected under treatment were observed at(More)
BACKGROUND Different studies have shown that most patients failing a first-line treatment containing a protease-inhibitor (PI) had low PI plasma levels and no PI-related resistance mutations. NOVAVIR was a randomized trial comparing stavudine/lamivudine/indinavir (d4T/3TC/IDV) and zidovudine/lamivudine/indinavir (AZT/3TC/IDV) in patients pretreated with(More)
BACKGROUND Infection by dengue virus (DENV) is a major public health concern in hundreds of tropical and subtropical countries. French Polynesia (FP) regularly experiences epidemics that initiate, or are consecutive to, DENV circulation in other South Pacific Island Countries (SPICs). In January 2009, after a decade of serotype 1 (DENV-1) circulation, the(More)
A real-time PCR assay was developed to quantify human cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs) of bone marrow transplantation patients. Unlike other teams, we quantified CMV and the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) gene using a plasmid containing both sequences as an external standard. Tenfold serial dilutions of this(More)
BACKGROUND HIV protease inhibitor (PI) therapy results in the rapid selection of drug resistant viral variants harbouring one or two substitutions in the viral protease. To combat PI resistance development, two approaches have been developed. The first is to increase the level of PI in the plasma of the patient, and the second is to develop novel PI with(More)