Stéphane L. Benoit

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BACKGROUND Clinical trials of antiretroviral drugs can take years to complete because the outcomes measured are progression to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or death. Trials could be accelerated by the use of end points such as changes in CD4+ lymphocyte counts and plasma levels of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA and beta(More)
Individual gene-targeted hpn and hpn-like mutants and a mutant with mutations in both hpn genes were more sensitive to nickel, cobalt, and cadmium toxicity than was the parent strain, with the hpn-like strain showing the most metal sensitivity of the two individual His-rich protein mutants. The mutant strains contained up to eightfold more urease activity(More)
BACKGROUND The reverse-transcriptase inhibitor lamivudine has in vitro synergy with zidovudine against the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We studied the activity and safety of lamivudine plus zidovudine as compared with either drug alone as treatment for patients with HIV infection, most of whom had not previously received zidovudine. METHODS Three(More)
Helicobacter pylori synthesizes two nickel-containing enzymes (urease and hydrogenase), both of which are important pathogenesis factors. Among the many accessory proteins needed for maturation of these Ni-enzymes, are two proteins, HypB and UreG, each of which contain a conserved nucleotide-binding domain (GSGKT). To address the role of this domain in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effect of HIV-1 resistance to lamivudine (3TC) and zidovudine (ZDV), and syncytium-inducing (SI) phenotype on virologic response to treatment with ZDV, 3TC, or ZDV plus 3TC in previously untreated individuals with HIV-1 infection. DESIGN A prospective virologic substudy of GlaxoWellcome protocol NUCA 3001. METHODS HIV-1 isolates(More)
The Helicobacter pylori ureE gene product was previously shown to be required for urease expression, but its characteristics and role have not been determined. The UreE protein has now been overexpressed in Escherichia coli, purified, and characterized, and three altered versions were expressed to address a nickel-sequestering role of UreE. Purified UreE(More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium possesses three similar NiFe hydrogenases important to its virulence. Here we show that the three hydrogenase operons hyb, hya and hyd are expressed under different environmental conditions and are subject to control by different regulatory proteins. Hydrogenase promoter-lacZ fusion plasmids were transferred into the(More)
Helicobacter pylori possesses a membrane-bound, nickel containing, hydrogen uptake hydrogenase enzyme; its synthesis requires structural as well as accessory proteins, the latter needed for the complete maturation of the enzyme. Our lab previously characterized mutants in the accessory hyp genes, hypA, hypB, hypD and hypF that were all severely affected for(More)
The ferric uptake regulator (Fur) of the medically important pathogen Helicobacter pylori is unique in that it has been shown to function as a repressor both in the presence of an Fe2+ cofactor and in its apo (non-Fe2+-bound) form. However, virtually nothing is known concerning the amino acid residues that are important for Fur functioning. Therefore,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the safety and activity of lamivudine plus zidovudine with the safety and activity of zalcitabine plus zidovudine in patients with moderately advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection who had received zidovudine. DESIGN A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, three-arm, 24-week study with a blinded extension through at(More)