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The cytotoxicity and the cell-cycle action of altholactone (1), goniofufurone (2), and eight altholactone derivatives (5-12), were determined in vitro on L-1210 cells. Semisyntheses and structure-activity relationships of these compounds are described. The results of this study suggest that the cytotoxicity of altholactone (1), 11-nitro-altholactone (8),(More)
The biochemical pathways that lead cells to mitotic catastrophe are not well understood. To identify these pathways, we have taken an approach of treating cells with a novel genotoxic compound and characterizing whether cells enter mitotic catastrophe or not. S23906 is a novel acronycine derivative that forms adducts with the N2 residue of guanine in the(More)
A series of 36 purine and purine analog derivatives have been synthesized and tested for their ability to modulate multidrug resistance in vitro (P388/VCR-20 and KB-A1 cells) and in vivo (P388/VCR leukemia). Compounds were compared to S9788, a triazine derivative which has already shown some activity during phase 1 clinical trials and also a limiting(More)
PURPOSE In contrast to Adriamycin (ADR), the novel olivacine derivative S16020-2 has demonstrated potent antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo against cell lines displaying the P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-mediated multidrug-resistance phenotype (MDR), suggesting that this compound is not transported by Pgp. The purpose of this work was to study the accumulation(More)
A series of 1-substituted 3,4-dihydroisoquinolines were synthesized and tested in vitro against the leukemia L 1210 cell line to evaluate their ability to perturb the cell cycle by arresting cells in the G1 phase. 1-Benzoylimines, 1-phenylimines, and 1-alkylimines were synthesized. The most powerful cytotoxic derivatives, 1-benzoyl-3,4-dihydroisoquinolines(More)
Analogues of the antitumor drug S 16020-2 modified at the 9, 10, or 11 position were synthesized and evaluated in vitro and in vivo on the P388 leukemia and B16 melanoma models. Starting from 9-methoxy-5, 11-dimethyl-6H-pyrido[4,3-b]carbazole-1-carboxylic acid ethyl ester, the 11-CH3 analogue of 9-hydroxy-5,6-dimethyl-6H-pyrido[4, 3-b]carbazole-1-carboxylic(More)
Benzo¿băcronycine (6-methoxy-3,3,14-trimethyl-3, 14-dihydro-7H-benzo¿bpyrano¿3,2-hăcridin-7-one, 4), an acronycine analogue with an additional aromatic ring linearly fused on the natural alkaloid basic skeleton, was synthesized in three steps, starting from 3-amino-2-naphthalenecarboxylic acid (5). Eight 1, 2-dihydroxy-1,2-dihydrobenzo¿băcronycine esters(More)
Seven 1,2-dihydroxy-1,2-dihydroacronycine and 1,2-dihydroxy-1,2-dihydro-6-demethoxyacronycine esters and diesters were synthesized via osmic oxidation of acronycine or 6-demethoxyacronycine followed by acylation. The 6-demethoxyacronycine derivatives were found to be inactive, whereas in contrast, all of the acronycine derivatives were more potent than(More)
The synthesis and biological evaluation of some new pyranoxanthenones and pyranothioxanthenones, substituted with flexible amino side-chains, and their evaluation as potential antitumor agents is described. The cytotoxic activity of the compounds and their eventual selective effect on a phase of the cell cycle were evaluated in vitro, using the murine(More)
A series of novel pyranoxanthenones, pyranothioxanthenones, and pyranoacridones have been designed and synthesized as analogues of the acridone alkaloid acronycine, and their DNA binding and in vitro cytotoxicities have been investigated. The title compounds were derived by reaction of the corresponding 6-tosylates 5a-e with 2-hydroxyethylhydrazine,(More)