Stéphane Léonce

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Purpose: In contrast to Adriamycin (ADR), the novel olivacine derivative S16020-2 has demonstrated potent antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo against cell lines displaying the P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-mediated multidrug-resistance phenotype (MDR), suggesting that this compound is not transported by Pgp. The purpose of this work was to study the accumulation(More)
Benzo¿băcronycine (6-methoxy-3,3,14-trimethyl-3, 14-dihydro-7H-benzo¿bpyrano¿3,2-hăcridin-7-one, 4), an acronycine analogue with an additional aromatic ring linearly fused on the natural alkaloid basic skeleton, was synthesized in three steps, starting from 3-amino-2-naphthalenecarboxylic acid (5). Eight 1, 2-dihydroxy-1,2-dihydrobenzo¿băcronycine esters(More)
S16020-2 is a new olivacine derivative which has recently shown a marked antitumor activity in various experimental models. This study was undertaken in order to measure the inhibition of the proliferation of various sensitive and resistant tumor cell lines, by S16020-2, and to obtain information concerning its mechanism of action. For a continuous(More)
S23906-1 is a diester derivative of 1,2-dihydrobenzo[b]acronycine with an unknown mechanism of action. This cytotoxic compound was 20-fold more potent than acronycine in inhibiting the proliferation of six tumor cell lines. Using a clonogenic assay of cell survival, the HT29 human colon carcinoma cell line was 100-fold more sensitive to S23906-1 than(More)
We have studied the role of cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) activity in apoptosis induced by camptothecin (CPT). In this model, 22% of the cells stain for annexin-V at 24 h and then proceed to be 93% positive by 72 h. This time window permits the analysis of cyclins in cells that are committed to apoptosis but not yet dead. We provide evidence(More)
The biochemical pathways that lead cells to mitotic catastrophe are not well understood. To identify these pathways, we have taken an approach of treating cells with a novel genotoxic compound and characterizing whether cells enter mitotic catastrophe or not. S23906 is a novel acronycine derivative that forms adducts with the N2 residue of guanine in the(More)
Seven 1,2-dihydroxy-1,2-dihydroacronycine and 1,2-dihydroxy-1,2-dihydro-6-demethoxyacronycine esters and diesters were synthesized via osmic oxidation of acronycine or 6-demethoxyacronycine followed by acylation. The 6-demethoxyacronycine derivatives were found to be inactive, whereas in contrast, all of the acronycine derivatives were more potent than(More)
Starting from 2-(2-aminoethyl)-6-methoxy-1-methylcarbazole, ethyl 9-methoxy-5-methyl-6H-pyrido[4,3-b]carbazole-1-carboxylate was obtained through a three-step sequence. This compound and its 6-methyl derivative react with (dialkylamino)alkylamines to provide various 9-methoxy-5-methyl-6H-pyrido[4,3-b]carbazole-1-(N-substituted carboxamides) whose boron(More)
c-Yes, a member of the Src tyrosine kinase family, is found highly activated in colon carcinoma but its importance relative to c-Src has remained unclear. Here we show that, in HT29 colon carcinoma cells, silencing of c-Yes, but not of c-Src, selectively leads to an increase of cell clustering associated with a localisation of β-catenin at cell membranes(More)
The polyanionic species suramin is a potential anti-cancer agent of narrow therapeutic index. Among other pharmacological characteristics, suramin is an inhibitor of angiogenesis. We have targeted its angiostatic properties as part of a program to discover less toxic analogs. From screening a series of commercially available compounds, structurally related(More)