Stéphane Galiacy

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In order to understand the sensitivity of alveolar macrophages (AMs) to substrate properties, we have developed a new model of macrophages cultured on substrates of increasing Young's modulus: (i) a monolayer of alveolar epithelial cells representing the supple (approximately 0.1 kPa) physiological substrate, (ii) polyacrylamide gels with two concentrations(More)
Type II pneumocytes are essential for repair of the injured alveolar epithelium. The effect of two MMP collagenases, MMP-1 and MMP-13 on alveolar epithelial repair was studied in vitro. The A549 alveolar epithelial cell line and primary rat alveolar epithelial cell cultures were used. Cell adhesion and cell migration were measured with and without exogenous(More)
Respiratory tract lesions induced by the chemical warfare agent sulfur mustard (SM) are characterized by epithelial damages associated with inflammatory cell infiltration. Here we evaluated the imbalance between gelatinase and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), and we tested pretreatment with the protease inhibitor doxycycline. Guinea pigs(More)
Epithelium repair, crucial for restoration of alveolo-capillary barrier integrity, is orchestrated by various cytokines and growth factors. Among them keratinocyte growth factor plays a pivotal role in both cell proliferation and migration. The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) system also influences cell migration through proteolysis during epithelial(More)
Epidemiological and experimental studies suggest that diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) may be associated with increased respiratory mortality and morbidity. Several recent studies have also shown that DEPs increase the production of inflammatory cytokines by human bronchial epithelium (HBE) cells in vitro. The present study investigates the effects of DEPs(More)
In vivo, transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) present at the site of airway injury are thought to contribute to epithelial wound repair. As TGF-beta1 can modulate MMP expression and MMPs play an important role in wound repair, we hypothesized that TGF-beta1 may enhance airway epithelial repair via MMPs secreted by(More)
Human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells adhere to underlying extracellular matrix (ECM) via integrin-type transmembrane receptors. Integrins link the ECM to the cytoskeleton (CSK), establishing a mechanical continuum by which forces are transmitted between the outside and the inside of the cells. The present study investigates the time course of global and(More)
Epithelia play a key role as protective barriers, and mechanisms of repair are crucial for restoring epithelial barrier integrity, especially in the lung. Cell spreading and migration are the first steps of reepithelialization. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) plays a key role in lung epithelial repair and protects against various injuries. We hypothesized(More)
Using Magnetic Twisting Cytometry (MTC) technique, we attempted to characterize in vitro the rigidity of the lining tissue covering the lung alveolar wall from its apical face. We purposely used a cellular model constituted by a monolayer of human alveolar epithelial cell (A549) over which microbeads, fixed to InterCellular Adhesion Molecule (ICAM-1), exert(More)
E. Lechapt-Zalcman, V. Prulière-Escabasse, D. Advenier, S. Galiacy, C. Charrière-Bertrand, A. Coste, A. Harf, M.-P. d’Ortho, and E. Escudier Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Unité U651, Faculté de Médecine, Université Paris XII, Créteil; Service d’Anatomie Pathologique, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Caen, Caen; Service d’ORL(More)
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