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The properties of the malaria parasite-induced permeability pathways in the host red blood cell have been a major area of interest particularly in the context of whether the pathways are host- or parasite-derived. In the present study, the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique has been used to show that, compared with normal cells, chicken(More)
A recent study on malaria-infected human red blood cells (RBCs) has shown induced ion channel activity in the host cell membrane, but the questions of whether they are host- or parasite-derived and their molecular nature have not been resolved. Here we report a comparison of a malaria-induced anion channel with an endogenous anion channel in Plasmodium(More)
Recent electrophysiological studies have identified novel ion channel activity in the host plasma membrane of Plasmodium falciparum-infected human red blood cells (RBCs). However, conflicting data have been published with regard to the characteristics of induced channel activity measured in the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. In an(More)
Malaria symptoms occur during Plasmodium falciparum development into red blood cells. During this process, the parasites make substantial modifications to the host cell in order to facilitate nutrient uptake and aid in parasite metabolism. One significant alteration that is required for parasite development is the establishment of an anion channel, as part(More)
The altered permeability characteristics of erythrocytes infected with malaria parasites have been a source of interest for over 30 years. Recent electrophysiological studies have provided strong evidence that these changes reflect transmembrane transport through ion channels in the host erythrocyte plasma membrane. However, conflicting results and(More)
Red cells infected with the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum have an increased permeability to a range of small, structurally unrelated solutes via a malaria-induced pathway. We report here a similar pathway present in parasitised red cells from chickens infected with the avian malaria parasite, Plasmodium gallinaceum. Parasitised cells showed a(More)
Electrophysiological studies on human RBCs have been difficult due to fragility and small size of cells, and little is known of ionic conductive pathways present in the RBC membrane in health and disease. We report on anionic channels in cells of healthy donors (control) and cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Anion channel activity (8-12 pS, linear) was induced(More)
High throughput methodologies that measure the distribution of osmotic fragilities in red blood cell populations have enabled the investigation of dynamic changes in red cell homeostasis and membrane permeability in health and disease. The common assumption in the interpretation of dynamic changes in osmotic fragility curves is that left or right shifts(More)
As the intraerythrocytic stage of the human malarial parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, matures, the plasma membrane of the host red blood cell (RBC) becomes increasingly permeable to a variety of physiologically relevant solutes via the induction of new permeation pathways (NPPs) (H. Ginsburg, Novartis Foundation Symposium 226, 99-108,1999; K. Kirk, Physiol.(More)
(1) An outwardly rectifying chloride channel (ORCC) of large conductance has been detected under isotonic conditions (320 mosM 1(-1)) in the plasma membrane of trout red blood cells (RBCs) using the excised inside-out configuration. The channel, with a permeability ratio P(Cl)/Pcation of 12, was inhibited by the Cl- channel blockers(More)