Learn More
A recent study on malaria-infected human red blood cells (RBCs) has shown induced ion channel activity in the host cell membrane, but the questions of whether they are host- or parasite-derived and their molecular nature have not been resolved. Here we report a comparison of a malaria-induced anion channel with an endogenous anion channel in Plasmodium(More)
Malaria symptoms occur during Plasmodium falciparum development into red blood cells. During this process, the parasites make substantial modifications to the host cell in order to facilitate nutrient uptake and aid in parasite metabolism. One significant alteration that is required for parasite development is the establishment of an anion channel, as part(More)
The altered permeability characteristics of erythrocytes infected with malaria parasites have been a source of interest for over 30 years. Recent electrophysiological studies have provided strong evidence that these changes reflect transmembrane transport through ion channels in the host erythrocyte plasma membrane. However, conflicting results and(More)
Electrophysiological studies on human RBCs have been difficult due to fragility and small size of cells, and little is known of ionic conductive pathways present in the RBC membrane in health and disease. We report on anionic channels in cells of healthy donors (control) and cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Anion channel activity (8-12 pS, linear) was induced(More)
The properties of the malaria parasite-induced permeability pathways in the host red blood cell have been a major area of interest particularly in the context of whether the pathways are host- or parasite-derived. In the present study, the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique has been used to show that, compared with normal cells, chicken(More)
Infection of RBC by the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum activates, at the trophozoite stage, a membrane current 100- to 150-fold larger than in uninfected RBC. This current is carried by small anion channels initially described in supraphysiological ion concentrations (1.115 M Cl(-)) and named plasmodial surface anion channels (PSAC), suggesting(More)
(1) An outwardly rectifying chloride channel (ORCC) of large conductance has been detected under isotonic conditions (320 mosM 1(-1)) in the plasma membrane of trout red blood cells (RBCs) using the excised inside-out configuration. The channel, with a permeability ratio P(Cl)/Pcation of 12, was inhibited by the Cl- channel blockers(More)
Single channel patch-clamp techniques were used to demonstrate the presence of outwardly rectifying chloride channels in the basolateral membrane of crypt cells from mouse distal colon. These channels were rarely observed in the cell-attached mode and, in the inside-out configuration, only became active after a delay and depolarizing voltage steps. Single(More)
Recent electrophysiological studies have identified novel ion channel activity in the host plasma membrane of Plasmodium falciparum-infected human red blood cells (RBCs). However, conflicting data have been published with regard to the characteristics of induced channel activity measured in the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. In an(More)
The electrophysiological study of red blood cells (RBCs), using the patch-clamp technique, has been going through a renaissance with the recent discovery of novel channel activity in the host plasma membrane of Plasmodium falciparum-infected human RBCs (S.A. Desai et al., Nature 406, 1001-1005, 2000; S.M. Huber et al., EMBO J. 21 (2002) 22-30; S. Egee et(More)